American Human Rights Organizations

Alien Torts Claims Act (ATCA)

Center for Constitutional Rights

The Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) is “dedicated to advancing and protecting the rights guaranteed by the United States Constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.” It is a non-profit legal and educational organization “committed to the creative use of law as a positive force for social change.”

Center for Justice and Accountability

The Center for Justice and Accountability (CJA) is an “international human rights organizations dedicated to ending torture and other severe human rights abuses around the world and advancing the rights of survivors to seek truth, justice and redress.” CJR “uses litigation to hold perpetrators individually accountable for human rights abuses, develop human rights laws, and advance the rule of law in countries transitioning from periods of abuse.”

Center for Justice and Democracy

The Center for Justice and Democracy is the “only national consumer organization in the country exclusively dedicated to protecting our civil justice system.” It works to ensure Americans get a fair chance in court, exposing attacks by special interests on judges, juries, injured consumers and the attorneys who represent them, and raising public awareness about the value of the U.S. justice system.

EarthRights International

EarthRights is a non-profit human rights, environment and government accountability organization located in the U.S. and in Southeast Asia. It works to document human rights and environmental abuses, organize the human rights and environmental activists worldwide, litigate in U.S. courts, teach others about their “earth rights and remedies,” and advocate and fight for better “earth rights protections.”

Human Rights First

Human Rights First is a non-profit, nonpartisan international human rights organization that seeks to protect people at risk (refugees, victims of crimes against humanity or other human rights violations, victims of discrimination, and human rights activists), and “works to prevent violations against these groups and to seek justice and accountability for violations against them.” They believe that “building respect for human rights and the rule of law will help ensure the dignity to which every individual is entitled and will stem tyranny, extremism, intolerance, and violence.”

International Labor Rights Forum

The International Labor Rights Forum (ILRF) is an “advocacy organization dedicated to achieving just and humane treatment for workers worldwide.” ILRF has projects, such as the Stop Child Labor, Rights for Working Women, Creating a Sweatfree World and End Violence Against Trade Unions, which focus on specific issues and groups and work towards granting them just and humane treatment while working.

 

Anti-Slavery Links

Action Against Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation of Children, Bangladesh

Action Against Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation of Children (ATSEC) Bangladesh is a non-profit organization and a coalition of 15 other NGOs working in Bangladesh for “prevention of trafficking in children and women and their sexual exploitation.” ATSEC “facilitates advocacy, creates awareness and social mobilization, provides technical support, initiates research and programme support activities at the grassroots, sub-national, national and regional levels to resist inhumane and heinous offences” like the trafficking and sexual exploitation of women and children.

Asian Migrant Center

The Asian Migrant Center (AMC) is a Hong Kong based “learning and knowledge center based on communities of practice.” It works to ensure the human rights of the migrant workers of Asia.

Captive Daughters

Captive Daughters in a non-profit organization “committed to ending the exploitative practice of sex trafficking, with a particular focus on girls and women.” It works by bringing public attention to and to call for the elimination of the forced prostitution of women and girl children.

Child Labor Coalition

The Child Labor Coalition (CLC) “exists to serve as a national network for the exchange of information about child labor; provide a forum and a unified voice on protecting working minors and ending child labor exploitation; and develop public education to combat child labor abuses and promote progressive initiatives.”

Child Workers in Nepal

The Child Workers in Nepal Concerned Center (CWIN-Nepal) works for the “advocacy, protection and promotion of the rights of the child through lobbying, campaigning and social concientisation.” CWIN works “for children, with children.”

The Concerned for Working Children

The Concerned for Working Children (CWC), Karnataka state, India is an organization that centers itself around the concern for children who are working. Ultimately, the CWC goal is to not have working children, but until that goal is reached, they work to empower working children so that they may be “their own first line of defense and participate in an informed manner in all decisions concerning themselves.”

End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography, and the Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes

ECPAT UK (End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and the Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes) is a leading children’s right organization working against the commercial sexual exploitation of children in the U.K. and worldwide. Specifically, ECPAT UK focuses on the “protection of trafficked children and children exploited in tourism and the prevention of such crimes.”

Free the Slaves

Free the Slaves is non-profit organization dedicated to liberating slaves around the world, helping them rebuild their lives and researching real world solutions to eradicate slavery forever.

Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch is an independent organization “dedicated to defending and protecting human rights.”

International Organization for Migration

The International Organization for Migration’s 2001 – 2002 information campaign “Prevention of Trafficking in Women in the Baltic States,” purpose was to “increase the awareness concerning trafficking in women among the general public.”

World Congress Against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

This website is an archive of the two World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (August 1996 in Stockholm, Sweden and Yokohama, Japan in December 2001).

 

Art and Human Rights Links

Animating Democracy Links

Animating Democracy is a program through Americans for the Arts, which believes in “fostering civil engagement through arts and culture.” The links provided by this site included project profiles and case studies of recent art-based civil engagement projects across the U.S., publications of books, essays and reports regarding arts- and humanities-based civic engagement, directories, and resources for organizations seeking to develop similar programs.

Artists Without Borders

Artists Without Borders is a volunteer organization that “brings psychological relief to the victims of war in the form of art and/or entertainment.” Additionally, it “strives to preserve the world’s cultural diversity by raising consciousness about the minorities that are facing cultural extinction.”

Witness.org

Witness “uses video and online technologies to open the eyes of the world to human rights violations.” It empowers “people to transform personal stories of abuse into powerful tools for justice, promoting public engagement and policy change.”

 

Asylum Links

American Immigration Center

This for-profit company specializes in “producing, publishing, distributing and stocking self-help and information products relating to U.S. Immigration and U.S. Citizenship.” It goal is to provide inexpensive “informative, educational and self-help resources for basic U.S. immigration needs.”

American Refugee Committee

The American Refugee Committee (ARC) is an international, non-profit, non-sectarian organization that provides humanitarian assistance and training to millions. It works with refugee communities in 7 countries around the world (Darfur, Liberia, Pakistan, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Thailand and Uganda) providing shelter, clean water and sanitation, health care, skill training, micro-credit education, protection and any other support that the refugees may need.

Asylum Law Organization

This website was founded for the purpose of “using the Internet to help lawyers and other accredited representatives worldwide prepare the best asylum cases they can.” The site contains legal tools (for different countries), case support (with documents) and information for those seeking asylum.

British Refugee Council

The British Refugee Council is an organization that works with asylum seekers and refugees through direct help and support (advice, caring for separated children), offering training and employment courses for asylum seekers and refugees, campaigning and lobbying for them, and producing authoritative information on them.

Canadian Council for Refugees

The Canadian Council for Refugees (CCR) is a non-profit umbrella organization “committed to the rights and protection of refugees in Canada and around the world and to the settlement of refugees and immigrants in Canada.”

Catholic Legal Immigration Network

The Catholic Legal Immigration Network’s mission is “to develop and implement a system for direct delivery of legal services to ‘indigent and low income’ immigrants through diocesan immigration programs.” It seeks to “enhance, extend and support the legal immigration work of the Catholic Church in the United States.”

Center for European Migration and Ethnic Studies

The Center for European Migration and Ethnic Studies operated from 1998 to 2002, and specialized in “policy-relevant research, information and publishing on international migration, ethnic relations and related topics in Western, Central and Eastern Europe.” Since it is no longer in operation, the site provides links to archives of materials related to the Center for European Migration and Ethnic Studies.

Center for Gender and Refugee Studies

The Center for Gender and Refugee Studies (CGRS) at the University of California, Hastings College of the Law, is the “nation’s leading organization supporting women asylum-seekers fleeing gender related harm, at both the practice and policy levels.” Its mission is to “protect the basic human rights of refugee women and girls by advancing gender-sensitive asylum laws, helping advocates successfully represent women in need of protection, and preventing these refugees from being forcibly returned to the countries from which they have fled.”

Center for Human Rights, University of Iowa

The University of Iowa Center for Human Rights’ (UICHR) mission is the “promotion and protection of human rights at home and abroad through distinguished multidisciplinary leadership in human rights research, education, and public service to the University of Iowa, its surrounding communities, the state of Iowa, and beyond.”

Center for Immigration Studies

Center for Immigration Studies (CIS) is an independent, non-partisan, non-profit research organization. It is the nation’s only “think tank devoted exclusively to research and policy analysis of the economic, social, demographic, fiscal, and other impacts of immigration on the United States.”

Center for International and European Law on Immigration and Asylum

The Center for International and European Law on Immigration and Asylum, located at the University of Konstanz, Germany, is a center which researches law on immigration and asylum.

Center for Migration Law, University of Nijmegen

The Centre for Migration Law at the University of Nijmegen (Netherlands) conducts research that is focused on issues surrounding migration and minority protection.

Center for Migration Studies

The Center for Migration Studies (CMS) is a non-profit organization, whose goal is to “support and undertake research, and to provide a forum for debate on international migration.” CMS also publishes the International Migration Review, which is a “leading peer-reviewed scholarly journal specialized in the subject of international migration.”

Center for Refugee Studies

The Center for Refugee Studies at York University is a “hub for researchers, students, service providers and policy makers concerned about refugee and forced migration issues.” The center produces Refuge, which is a leading journal on research of refugee issues.

Center for World Indigenous Studies

The Center for World Indigenous Studies is an U.S. independent, non-profit “research and education organization dedicated to wider understanding and appreciation of the ideas and knowledge of indigenous peoples and the social, economic and political realities of indigenous nations.”

Church World Service

Church World Service is a Christian based organization which works with partners in the U.S. and worldwide to “build interfaith and intercultural coalitions to eradicate hunger and poverty and promote peace and justice.” Additionally, they support “sustainable grassroots development, disaster relief, and refugee assistance.”

Citizenship and Immigration Canada

Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) works to build a stronger Canada by “developing and implementing polices, programs and services that: facilitate the arrival of persons and their integration to Canada in a way that maximizes their contribution to the country while protecting the health, safety and security of Canadians; maintain Canada’s humanitarian tradition by protecting refugees and persons in need of protection; and enhance the values and promote the rights and responsibilities of Canadian citizenship.” Additionally, CIC seeks to advance “global migration policies in a way that supports Canada’s immigration and humanitarian objectives.”

Danish Refugee Council

The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) is a humanitarian organization that works with “all aspects of the refugee cause, with the aim of helping and promoting durable solutions for refugees and internally displaced people, on the basis of humanitarian principles and human rights.”

Electronic Immigration Network

Electronic Immigration Network (EIN) is a provider of U.K. immigration and refugee law via the Internet, for asylum seekers and immigrants, students, journalists, judges, academics, parliamentary researchers and all others who have an interest in the field of immigration and asylum.

European Council on Refugees and Exiles

European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) is a “pan-European network of 60 refugee-assisting NGO’s that promotes a humane and generous European asylum policy.” It promotes the “protection and integration of asylum-seekers, refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) based on values of human dignity, human rights and an ethic of solidarity.”

European Country of Origin Information Network

The European Country of Origin Information Network (ecoi.net) “gathers, structures and process publicly available county of origin information with a focus on the needs of asylum lawyers, refugee counsels and persons deciding on claims for asylum and other forms of international protection.”

European Research Center on Migration and Ethnic Relations

The European Research Centre on Migration and Ethnic Relations (ERCOMER) is located at Utrecht University in the Netherlands, and it “exists to actively encourage, support and promote comparative research in the fields of international migration and ethnic relations within the European context.”

Forced Migration Review

Forced Migration Review (FMR) is a free tri-annual publication in English, Arabic, Spanish and French discussing refugee and internal displacement issues. It is published by the Refugee Studies Centre at the Oxford Department of International Development, University of Oxford.

Forced Migration

Forced Migration Online (FMO) provides access to a variety of online resources that address the situation of forced migrants worldwide. It aims to “give comprehensive information in an impartial environment and to promote increased awareness of human displacement issues to an international community of users.”

Global Impact

Global Impact is a non-profit organization “dedicated to helping the world’s most vulnerable people.” It is a national leader in raising awareness and funds for humanitarian organizations, like Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontiéres, CARE and Save the Children, that “provide help to people in need in virtually every developing country.”

Global Youth Connect, Bhutanese Refugees

Global Youth Connects (whose motto is “acting together for compassion, human rights, and responsibility”) has this Bhutanese Refugees program which works to help the Bhutanese refugees.

Human Rights Documentation Exchange

The Human Rights Documentation Exchange “defends immigrant survivors of human rights abuses by providing information critical to their claims for refuge in the U.S., advancing public awareness of human rights abuses, and encouraging public policy development.”

Institute for Migration and Ethnic Studies

The Institute for Migration and Ethnic Studies at the University of Amsterdam is an interdisciplinary and inter-faculty research institute with the “broad aim to provide systematic, knowledge-driven research on international migration and integration.”

Internal Displacement Monitoring Center

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) is an international body monitoring conflict-induced internal displacement worldwide. IDMC runs an online database that provides comprehensive information and analysis on internal displacement in 50 countries and through this IDMC “advocates for durable solutions to the plight of the internally displaced in line with international standards.”

International Organization for Migration

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is an “inter-governmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners.” IOM is “dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefits of all,” through providing services and advice to both governments and migrants.

International Journal of Refugee Law

This is a link to the International Journal of Refugee Law, which is a “key source material in the field of refugee protection.” It serves as a tool for all “engaged in the protection of refugees and finding solutions to their problems,” and includes information and commentary on the “causes of refugee and related movements, internal displacement, the particular situation of women and refugee children, the human rights dimension, restrictive policies, asylum and determination procedures, populations at risk, and the conditions in different countries.”

Jesuit Refugee Service

The Jesuit Refugee Service’s (JRS/USA) mission is to “accompany, serve and defend the rights of these vulnerable and often forgotten people” (refugees and forcibly displaced individuals).

Migration Policy Group

The Migration Policy Group is an independent non-profit European organization “committed to contributing to lasting and positive change resulting in open and inclusive societies in which all members have equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities in developing the economic, social and civic life of Europe’s diverse societies.”

National Lawyers Guild, National Immigration Project

The National Immigration Project was originally a committee of the National Lawyers Guild, but it is now a freestanding organization that is a “progressive source of advocacy-oriented legal support on immigrant rights issues.” The National Immigration Project is “one of the few national-level, legal support groups that specializes in defending the rights of immigrants facing incarceration and deportation.”

National Network for Immigrant and Refugee Rights

The National Network for Immigrant and Refugee Rights (NNIRR) is a national organization made-up of local coalitions and immigrants, refugee, community, religious, civil rights and labor organizations and activists. NNIRR “serves as a forum to share information and analysis, to educate communities and the general public, and to develop and coordinate plans of action on important immigrant and refugee issues.” It works to “promote a just immigration and refugee policy in the United States and to defend and expand the rights of all immigrants and refugees, regardless of immigration status.”

The National Immigration Forum

The National Immigration Forum is the “leading immigrant advocacy organization in the country (U.S.A.) with a mission to advocate for the value of immigrants and immigration to the nation.” It uses its “communications, advocacy and policy expertise to create a vision, consensus and strategy that leads to a better, more welcoming America – one that treats all newcomers fairly.”

New Zealand Immigration Service

The New Zealand Immigration Service is the official governmental site of immigration services for New Zealand. It provides a number of documents, information and sources for immigrants, employers, immigrant advisers, education and settlement providers and airline and medical professionals.

Norwegian Refugee Council

The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is an independent, humanitarian NGO, which “provides assistance, protection and durable solutions to refugees and internally displaced persons worldwide.”

Oxford Journal of Refugee Studies

The Oxford Journal of Refugee Studies is a “forum for exploration of the complex problems of forced migration and national, regional and international responses.” It is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal, published in association with the Refugee Studies Centre at the University of Oxford.

Oxford University Refugee Study Center

The Refugee Study Center (RSC) at Oxford University has an “international reputation as the leading multidisciplinary center for research and teaching on the causes and consequences of forced migration.” RSC’s philosophy is to “combine world-class academic research with a commitment to improving the lives and situations for some of the world’s most disadvantaged people.”

Population, Refugees and Migration Home Page, U.S. State Department

The Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (PRM) provides “aid and sustainable solutions for refugees, victims of conflict and stateless people around the world, through repatriation, local integration, and resettlement in the United States.”

Refugee and Immigration Legal Center

The Refugee & Immigration Legal Centre Inc. (RILC) is an independent community legal centre specialising in all aspects of refugee and immigration law, policy and practice.

Refugees International

Refugees International “advocates for lifesaving assistance and protection for displaced people promotes solutions to displacement crises.” It works for “abandoned refugees receive food, medicine and education; displaced families return home; peacekeepers are sent to protect displaced people from harm; and stateless people obtain legal status.”

U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform

The U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform was created by the Immigration Act of 1990, and it expired on December 31, 1997. Its mandate was to “review and evaluate the implementation and impact of U.S. immigration policy and to transmit to the Congress reports of its findings and recommendations.” The site contains links to the Commission’s reports to Congress, research papers, a Mexico-U.S. Binational Migration Study Report, binational research papers and congressional testimony.

U.S. Government: Immigration Laws, Regulations, and Guides

The United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and its mission is to “protect national security by enforcing our nation’s customs and immigration laws.”

U.S. Senate Judiciary SubCommittee on Immigration

The U.S. Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Immigration, Refugees and Border Security has jurisdiction over immigration, citizenship and refugee laws; oversight of the immigration functions of the Department of Homeland Security (including the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and Ombudsman Citizenship and Immigration Services); oversight of the immigration-related functions of the Department of Justice, Department of State, Department of Health and Human Services Office of Refugee Resettlement, and the Department of Labor; oversight of international migration, internally displaced persons, and refugee laws and policies; and private immigration relief bills. The Subcommittee is current chaired by Charles E. Schumer (Democrat – New York).

U.N. Refugee Agency

The U.N. Refugee Agency (also called the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) is “mandated to lead and coordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve problems worldwide.” The primary purpose of the U.N. Refugee Agency is to “safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees,” in addition to ensuring that everyone can “exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country.”

UNHCR- Country of Origin and Legal Information Database (REFWORLD)

REFWORLD is a “leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status.” The site contains a “vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal framework.”

U.N. Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) functions as a “laboratory of ideas and a standard-setter to forge universal agreements on emerging ethical issues,” in addition to its function as a “clearinghouse – for the dissemination and sharing of information and knowledge.” Simply put, UNESCO “promotes international co-operation among its 193 Member States and six Associate Members in the fields of education, science, culture and communication.”

U.N. High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR)

The office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (also called the U.N. Refugee Agency) is “mandated to lead and coordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve problems worldwide.” The primary purpose of the U.N. High Commission for Refugees is to “safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees,” in addition to ensuring that everyone can “exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country.”

U.S. Agency for International Development

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is an independent federal government agency that extends “assistance to countries recovering from disaster, trying to escape poverty, and engaging in democratic reform.”

U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants

The U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (USCRI) is a non-profit, NGO, whose mission is to “address the needs and rights of persons in forced or voluntary migration worldwide by advancing fair and humane public policy, facilitating and providing direct professional services, and promoting the full participation of migrants in community life.”

 

Business and Human Rights

Advancing Women

Advancing Women is “first on the Net to ‘level the playing field’ for women in careers and business.” It provides “career and business strategy, tools and resources to support your career, business and leadership goals” and a “targeted, diversity job board.”

Asia Monitor Research Center

The Asia Monitor Resource Center (AMRC) is an independent NGO which focuses on Asian labor concerns. AMRC supports a “democratic and independent labor movement promoting the principles of labor rights, gender consciousness, and active workers’ participation in work-related issues.”

Campaign for Labor Rights

The Campaign for Labor Rights (CLR) is an organization that works to “inform and mobilize grassroots activities in solidarity with major, international anti-sweatshop struggles.” CLR’s mission is to “mobilize grassroots support through the United States to promote economic and social justice by campaigning to end labor rights violations around the world.”

Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies (CERES)

CERES (the Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies) is a “national network of investors, environmental organizations and other public interest groups working with companies and investors to address sustainability challenges.” Its mission is “integrating sustainability into capital markets for the health of the planet and its people.”

Codes of Conduct – Maquila Solidarity Network

The Maquila Solidarity Network has a “Code of Conduct” on their website. The “Code of Conduct” address the need to “establish a floor for wages which provides for a worker’s basic needs,” and has three standards: the minimum wage required by law, the local “prevailing industry wage,” and a “living wage.”

Co-op America’s Guide to Ending Sweatshops

Green America (the new name for Co-op America) has provided a “Guide to Ending Sweatshops,” which includes 5 ways to end sweatshops, how to find sweatshop-free items and companies, who the sweatshop abuse companies are and general information on sweatshops.

Corporate Social Responsibility Principles & Codes

This link provides a number of other resources and websites regarding principles and codes for socially responsible business practices.

Corporate Watch: Holding Corporations Accountable

Corporate Watch (CorpWatch) is a non-profit “investigative research and journalism to expose corporate malfeasance and to advocate for multinational corporate accountability and transparency.” It works to “foster global justice, independent media activism and democratic control over corporations,” and seeks to “expose multinational corporations that profit from war, fraud, environmental, human rights and other abuses, and to provide information to foster a more informed public and en effective democracy.”

Department of Labor

The U.S. Department of Labor “fosters and promotes the welfare of job seekers, wage earners, and retirees of the United States by improving their working conditions, advancing their opportunities for profitable employment, protecting their retirement and health care benefits, helping employers find workers, strengthening free collective bargaining, and tracking changes in employment, prices, and other national economic measurements.” The Department of Labor is able to do this by administering a number of federal labor laws that protect the welfare of job seekers, wage earners, and retirees of the U.S.

European Corporate Governance Institute

The European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI) is an international scientific non-profit association that provides a “forum for debate and dialogue between academics, legislators and practitioners, focusing on major corporate governance issues and thereby promoting best practice.” ECGI’s primary role is to “undertake, commission and disseminate research on corporate governance.”

The Global Compact

The U.N. Global Compact is a “strategic policy initiative for businesses that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with then universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labor, environment and anti-corruption.”

Global Exchange

Global Exchange is education and action resource center that envisions a “people centered globalization that values the rights of workers and the health of the planet; that prioritizes international collaboration as central to ensuring peace; and that aims to create a local, green economy designed to embrace the diversity of our communities.”

Global Reporting Initiative

The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) is a “network-based organization that has pioneered the development of the world’s most widely used sustainability reporting framework and is committed to its continuous improvement and application worldwide.” GRI’s mission is to “create conditions for the transparent and reliable exchange of sustainability information through the development and continuous improvement of the GRI Sustainability Reporting Framework.”

Global Witness

Global Witness “exposes the corrupt exploitation of natural resources and international trade systems, to drive campaigns that end impunity, resource-linked conflict, and human rights and environmental abuses.”

Greenpeace

Greenpeace is the “leading independent campaigning organization that uses peaceful direct action and creative communication to expose global environmental problems and to promote solutions that are essential to a green and peaceful future.”

Human Rights First – Business and Human Rights

Human Rights First (formerly known as the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights) is a N.Y. and D.C. based non-profit, non-partisan human rights organization that believes that “building respect for human rights and the rule of law will help ensure the dignity to which every individual is entitled and will stem tyranny, extremism, intolerance, and violence.” The Business and Human Rights section of their website provides articles and blogs regarding business and their effect on human rights.

The Human Rights Auditing Standards and Procedures Project

The International League for Human Rights’ “The Human Rights Auditing Standards and Procedures Project” concept is “major transnational corporations prepare financial statements audited by accounting firms pursuant to the auditing and accounting standards promulgated in their home countries or international accounting standards.” Already part of the auditing process includes valuing contingent liabilities (like pending and threatening litigation and liability for environmental damage), so “adding measurable and quantifiable human rights standards to the accounting and auditing procedures will protect public companies from contingent punitive liabilities and other potential associated costs by providing them with both processes to inhibit or mitigate human rights abuses and annual feedback on their effectiveness.”

Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility

Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility (ICCR) has the mission that “through the lens of faith, ICCR builds a more just and sustainable world by integrating social values into corporate and investor actions.”

The International Corporate Environmental Reporting Site

The International Sustainability Reporting Site (formerly known as the International Corporate Environmental Reporting Site) was created to be a resource for finding online sites that dealt with corporate environmental reporting (CER). The Dutch based, but in English, site offers news, resources (guidelines, tools, articles, etc) and more, regarding corporate sustainability reporting and environmental reporting.

International Labour Organization

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is the “tripartite U.N. agency that brings together governments, employers and workers of its member states in common action to promote decent work throughout the world.” It is “devoted to advancing opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity,” and ILO aims to “promote rights at work, encourage decent employment opportunities, enhance social protection and strengthen dialogue in handling work-related issues.”

International Labor Rights Forum

The International Labor Rights Forum (ILRF) is an “advocacy organization dedicated to achieving just and humane treatment for workers worldwide.” ILRF has projects, such as the Stop Child Labor, Rights for Working Women, Creating a Sweatfree World and End Violence Against Trade Unions, which focus on specific issues and groups and work towards granting them just and humane treatment while working.

International League for Human Rights

The International League for Human Rights works to “keep human rights at the forefront of international affairs and to give meaning and effect to the human rights values enshrined in international human rights treaties and conventions.” It has a special mission, which is “defending individual human rights advocates who have risked their lives to promote the ideals of a just and civil society in their homelands.”

International Simultaneous Policy Organisation (ISPO)

The Simultaneous Policy (Simpol) “aims to deliver social justice around the world, resolve global problems like environmental destruction, and regulate the economic power of international capital for the good of all.” Simpol works through “encouraging ordinary people around the world to oblige their political representatives and governments to move toward coordinated international resolution of global issues for the good of all.”

Multinational Monitor On-Line

The Multinational Monitor is a bimonthly non-profit, advertising-free magazine (also published online) founded by Ralph Nader that focuses on the analysis of corporations and also publishes articles on labor issues and occupational safety and health, the environment, globalization, privatization, the global economy and developing nations.

National Interfaith Committee for Worker Justice

Interfaith Worker Justice (IWJ) calls upon its “religious values in order to educate, organize and mobilize the religious community in the U.S. on issues and campaigns that will improve wages, benefits, and working conditions for workers, especially low-wage workers.”

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) “brings together the governments of countries committed to democracy and the market economy from around the world to: support sustainable economic growth, boost employment, raise living standards, maintain financial stability, assist other countries’ economic development, and contribute to growth in world trade.”

Pacific Basin Economic Council

The Pacific Basin Economic Council’s (PBEC) mission is to “be the voice of business in the Asia Pacific region; and to actively engage in the process of promoting a business environment in the region that ensures open trade and investment and encourages competitiveness based on the capabilities of individual companies; providing information, networking for, and service to members that increase their business opportunities; supporting cooperative business efforts to address the economic well-being of citizens in the region; advising governments in order to improve their business environment; generating foreign investment flows to support economic development objectives; reducing administrative barriers to international trade in the region; stimulating the development and accelerating the implementation of new technologies; and balancing economic development with the need for a clean environment.”

Public Citizen- Global Trade Watch

The Public Citizen’s Global Trade Watch (GTW) “promotes democracy by challenging corporate globalization, arguing that the current globalization model is neither random inevitability nor ‘free trade.’”

Sierra Club – Human Rights and the Environment

The Sierra Club is the “oldest, largest, and most influential grassroots environmental organization,” and it works for “a safe and healthy community in which to live, smart energy solutions to combat global warming, and an enduring legacy for America’s wild places.”

Social Accountability International

Promoting the human rights of workers around the world.

SOMO Centre for Research of Multinational Corporations

“Not-profit Dutch research and advisory bureau that investigates the consequences of Multinational Enterprises’ (MNEs) policies and internationalization of business worldwide.”

Trade Observatory: Global Information Center on Trade

The Trade Observatory, formally known as WTO Watch, is part of the NGO Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy. The Trade Observatory documents the World Trade Organization (WTO), the North America Free Trade Agreement, the Free Trade Area of the Americas and other international trade agreements.

TransFair Canada

Promotes the use of the “TransFair” logo, which stands for “fairness and global social responsibility in international trade.”

U.S. Department of Labor – Implementing Experiences of Codes of Conduct in the U.S.

This link is to the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) information and explanation of the “Implementation Experiences of Codes of conduct in the U.S. Apparel Industry.” It specifically discusses the monitoring of the labor standards of U.S. apparel companies internationally and nationally, and the visits that occur.

U.N. Global Compact

It is a “strategic policy initiative for business that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption.”

UNITE – Campaign Against Sweatshops

Unite Here is a labor union composed of U.S. and Canadian workers in “hospitality, gaming, food service, manufacturing, textile, laundry and airport industries.”

United Farm Workers of America, AFL-CIO

Their mission is to “provide farm workers and other working people with the inspiration and tools to share in society’s bounty.”

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

UNCTAD (established 1964) promotes “the development-friendly integration of developing countries into the world economy.” It focuses on “ensuring that domestic polices and international action are mutually supportive in bring about sustainable development.”

World Bank

It is a source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries, which is made up of two development institutions—the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). Its theme is “working for a world free of poverty.”

World Trade Organization (WTO)

WTO is the “only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations.” Its goal is to “help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business.”

 

Children and Human Rights

Action Against Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation of Children, Bangladesh

Action Against Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation of Children (ATSEC) Bangladesh is a non-profit organization and a coalition of 15 other NGOs working in Bangladesh for “prevention of trafficking in children and women and their sexual exploitation.” ATSEC “facilitates advocacy, creates awareness and social mobilization, provides technical support, initiates research and programme support activities at the grassroots, sub-national, national and regional levels to resist inhumane and heinous offences” like the trafficking and sexual exploitation of women and children.

Child Labor Coalition

The Child Labor Coalition (CLC) “exists to serve as a national network for the exchange of information about child labor; provide a forum and a unified voice on protecting working minors and ending child labor exploitation; and develop public education to combat child labor abuses and promote progressive initiatives.”

Child Rights International

Child Right International (CRIN) is a NGO aimed at creating awareness of the fundamental rights of the child.

Children and Armed Conflict Unit, Human Rights Center, University of Essex

It is a joint project of the Children’s Legal Centre and the Human Rights Centre at the University of Essex. It “works around the world to improve the situation for civilian children caught up in armed conflict and civil unrest and for those emerging from years of violence.”

Children’s Defense Fund

The Children’s Defense Fund (CDF) is a child advocacy organization that works to “ensure a level playing field for all children.”

Children Now

It is a national (United States of America) organization “for people who care about children and want to ensure that they are the top public policy priority.”

Children of the War

This website is dedicated to “a one-hour radio documentary focusing on current events and issues involving children and military conflict.”

Child Wise

Child Wise is a Australian based organization that is “dedicated to protecting children from sexual abuse and exploitation in Australia and overseas by: providing direct assistance and support; raising awareness and educating the community; building the capacity of communities to protect children; responding to new risks to children; and, reducing the impact of child sexual abuse and exploitation.”

Child Workers in Nepal

The Child Workers in Nepal Concerned Center (CWIN-Nepal) works for the “advocacy, protection and promotion of the rights of the child through lobbying, campaigning and social concientisation.” CWIN works “for children, with children.”

The Concerned for Working Children

The Concerned for Working Children (CWC), Karnataka state, India is an organization that centers itself around the concern for children who are working. Ultimately, the CWC goal is to not have working children, but until that goal is reached, they work to empower working children so that they may be “their own first line of defense and participate in an informed manner in all decisions concerning themselves.”

ECPAT- Global Network to Protect Children Against Commercial Sexual Exploitation

It is a “global network of organizations and individuals working together for the elimination of child prostitution, child pornography and the trafficking of children for sexual purposes. It seeks to encourage the world community to ensure that children everywhere enjoy their fundamental rights free and secure for all forms of commercial sexual exploitation.”

End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography, and the Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes

ECPAT UK (End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and the Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes) is a leading children’s right organization working against the commercial sexual exploitation of children in the U.K. and worldwide. Specifically, ECPAT UK focuses on the “protection of trafficked children and children exploited in tourism and the prevention of such crimes.”

Free the Children – Canada

It is the world’s largest network of children helping children though education. The primary goal is “to free children from poverty and exploitation and free young people from the notion that they are powerless to affect positive change in the world.”

The Future of Children

The Future of Children is a collaboration of the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University and the Brooking Institution. It seeks to “promote effective policies and programs for children by providing policymakers, service providers, and the media with timely, objective information based on the best available research.”

Headliners

This organization, formerly known as Children’s Express Worldwide, is a U.K.-wide news agency producing “news, features and comments by young people for everyone.” Through its program, “young people aged 8 to 19 research and write stories on issues that are important to them for publication in national and local newspapers, magazines, television and radio.”

International Bureau for Children’s Rights (R. Harvey), Children and Armed Conflict: A Guide to International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law, 2003

This is a publication developed during training sessions organized by the International Bureau for Children’s Rights (IBCR) for members of the International Tribunal for Children’s Rights (ITCR) in September 2001 in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is designed as a quick reference manual for those involved in researching, promoting and protecting the rights of children affected by armed conflict.

Swedish Save the Children

This is a Swedish NGO whose basis of work is the United Nations Convention on the rights of the Child (CRC) and the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights. They fight for the best interest of children.

Tanzanian Children’s Fund

Their mission is “providing aid to children in need in Tanzania.”

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

UNICEF is part of the Global Movement for Children, which is a “broad coalition dedicated to improving the life of every child.” UNICEF is present in 190 countries, and encourages “young people to speak out and participate in the decisions that affect their lives.”

World Congress Against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

This website is an archive of the two World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (August 1996 in Stockholm, Sweden and Yokohama, Japan in December 2001).

World Organization Against Torture (OMCT) – “Children’s Rights”

The “Children’s Rights” division on the OMCT aims to “protect children from torture and other forms of violence through prevention, denunciation, reparation and international appeal, and to promote and defend children’s rights.”

Youth For Human Rights International

It teaches human rights education both in the classroom and beyond traditional education settings (including hip-hop and dancing).

 

Climate Change and Human Rights

EarthRights

EarthRights is a non-profit human rights, environment and government accountability organization located in the U.S. and in Southeast Asia. It works to document human rights and environmental abuses, organize the human rights and environmental activists worldwide, litigate in U.S. courts, teach others about their “earth rights and remedies,” and advocate and fight for better “earth rights protections.”

Greenpeace

Greenpeace is the “leading independent campaigning organization that uses peaceful direct action and creative communication to expose global environmental problems and to promote solutions that are essential to a green and peaceful future.”

International Council on Human Rights Policy

Discusses the impact of climate changes on human rights, including malaria, famine, etc.

 

Death Penalty and Human Rights

Campaign to End the Death Penalty (CDEP)

It is the “only national membership-driven, chapter-based grassroots organization dedicated to the abolition of capital punishment in the United States.”

Coloradans Against the Death Penalty

It is a non-profit organization that is “dedicated to abolishing the death penalty in Colorado.”

Death Penalty Information Center

This organization is a non-profit, who serves the “media and the public with information on issues concerning capital punishment.”

 

Democracy and Elections

Americans for Informed Democracy

This is the website for the Americans for Informed Democracy, which “empowers young people in the United States to address global challenges such as poverty, disease, climate change, and conflict through awareness and action. AID promotes just and sustainable solutions at the campus, community, and national level.”

Animating Democracy Initiative

This organization is “based on the premise that democracy is animated when an informed public is engaged in the issues affecting people’s daily lives. The arts and humanities can contribute unique programs, settings, and creative approaches that reach new and diverse participants, stimulate public dialogue about civic issues, and inspire action to make change.”

Center for Democracy & Technology (CDT)

This center is a non-profit, public interest organization working to “keep the Internet open, innovative, and free.” The CDT “seeks practical solutions to enhance free expression and privacy in communication technologies.”

Center for Justice and Democracy

The Center for Justice and Democracy is the “only national consumer organization in the country exclusively dedicated to protecting our civil justice system.” It works to ensure Americans get a fair chance in court, exposing attacks by special interests on judges, juries, injured consumers and the attorneys who represent them, and raising public awareness about the value of the U.S. justice system.

Institute for Democratic Education

The Institute for Democratic Education “develops and leads projects that enhance democratic culture and educate towards its values.”

Institute for Democracy in South Africa

The Institute for Democracy in South Africa (IDASA) is an “independent public interest organization committed to promoting sustainable democracy based on active citizenship, democratic institutions, and social justice.”

Institute for Global Studies Human Rights Program

This program is through the University of Minnesota. It “educates students by connecting them with academic and real- world experience in the field of international human rights.”

International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES)

It is an independent, NGO, which provides professional support to electoral democracy. “Through field work, applied research and advocacy, they strive to promote citizen participation, transparency, and accountability in political life and civil society.”

Moscow Helsinki Group

The Moscow Helsinki Group is the oldest Russian human rights organization (1976 – 1982, 1989 – present), and its mission is to “assist human rights observation and democracy development in Russia.”

The National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI)

Supports democratic institutions and practices in every region of the world. Since 1983, “NDI and its local partners have worked to establish and strengthen political and civic organizations, safeguard elections, and promote citizen participation, openness and accountability in government.”

Network for North Korean Democracy and Human Rights (NKnet)

NKnet is a Seoul based non-profit, founded by citizens who “wish to alleviate the suffering of the people of North Korea and to realize universal values by promoting human rights and democracy in North Korea.”

Norwegian Helsinki Committee

This is a NGO, non-profit organization “which monitors compliance with the human rights provisions of the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) within all OSCE signatory states and supports initiatives to strengthen democracy and civil society.”

The Palestinian Institute for the Study of Democracy (Muwatin)

This organization was founded to “promote the study and development of democracy in Palestine and in the region.” It focuses on “contributing to the process of democratic transformation in Palestinian society,” through networking and activism, research and publication, etc.

Tibetan Center for Human Rights and Democracy

The Tibetan Center for Human Rights and Democracy (TCHRD) was the “first Tibetan non-governmental human rights organization to be established in exile in India,” and its mission is to “promote and protect human rights of the Tibetan people in Tibet” and to “educate the exile Tibetan community on human rights principles and democratic concepts.” TCHRD conducts regular, systematic investigations of the human rights situation in Tibet, monitors the human right policies of China, and then publishes reports and profiles for the public. Additionally, TCHRD organizes workshops, talks, and public and UN discussion regarding the human rights situation in Tibet.

 

Development and Poverty

Association for Women’s Rights in Development (AWID)

The Association for Women’s Rights in Development (AWID) is an “international, multi-generational, feminist, creative, future-orientated membership organization committed to achieving gender equality, sustainable development and women’s human rights.” AWID’s mission is to “strengthen the voice, impact and influence women’s right advocates, organizations and movements internationally to effectively advance the rights of women.”

CARE Homepage

CARE is a leading humanitarian organization that fights global poverty. CARE is unique because “women are at the heart of CARE’s community-based efforts to improve basic education, prevent the spread of HIV, increase access to clean water and sanitation, expand economic opportunity and protect natural resources.”

Free the Children

It is the world’s largest network of children helping children though education. The primary goal is “to free children from poverty and exploitation and free young people from the notion that they are powerless to affect positive change in the world.”

Global Poverty Eradication Centre

This organization is “dedicated to providing the world with the right system of reducing poverty in various developing countries.”

The Hunger Site

This site was “founded to focus the power of the Internet on a specific humanitarian need: the eradication of world hunger.” By simply clicking a button, a sponsor (Mercy Corps and Feeding America) donates a cup of food to those who suffer from hunger (to date it has had over 300 million visitors, donating 657 million cups of food).

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

UNICEF is part of the Global Movement for Children, which is a “broad coalition dedicated to improving the life of every child.” UNICEF is present in 190 countries, and encourages “young people to speak out and participate in the decisions that affect their lives.”

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

UNCTAD (established 1964) promotes “the development-friendly integration of developing countries into the world economy.” It focuses on “ensuring that domestic polices and international action are mutually supportive in bring about sustainable development.”

U.S. Agency for International Development

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is an independent federal government agency that extends “assistance to countries recovering from disaster, trying to escape poverty, and engaging in democratic reform.”

War on Poverty Campaign

This organization (War on Want) “fights poverty in developing countries in partnership with people affected by globalization.” They “campaign for human rights and against the root causes of global poverty, inequality and injustice.”

World Bank

It is a source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries, which is made up of two development institutions—the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). Its theme is “working for a world free of poverty.”

World Health Organization (WHO)

WHO is the “directing and coordinating health authority within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.”

 

Disaster Response

Church World Service

Church World Service is a Christian based organization which works with partners in the U.S. and worldwide to “build interfaith and intercultural coalitions to eradicate hunger and poverty and promote peace and justice.” Additionally, they support “sustainable grassroots development, disaster relief, and refugee assistance.”

European Court of Human Rights

This is the official website for the European Court of Human Rights, in Strasbourg, France. This court is an international judicial body established under the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR) of 1950; their job is to monitor respect of human rights by states.

The Project on International Courts and Tribunals (PICT)

This is the website for “the only internationally based effort to address, with a comprehensive and holistic approach, all existing international courts and tribunals. It couples academic research with concrete action aimed at facilitating the work of international courts and tribunals at developing the lawyering skills of potential actors, in particular, in developing countries and economies-in-transition.”

U.S. Agency for International Development

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is an independent federal government agency that extends “assistance to countries recovering from disaster, trying to escape poverty, and engaging in democratic reform.”

 

Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights

Asian Center for Human Rights

The Asian Center for Human Rights (ACHR) is a NGO “dedicated to the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the Asian region by: providing accurate and timely information and complaints to the National Human Rights Institutions, the United Nations bodies and mechanisms as appropriate; conducting investigations, research, campaigning and lobbying on country situations or individual cases; increasing the capacity of human rights defenders and civil society group through relevant training on the use of national and international human rights procedures; providing input into international standard-setting processes on human rights; providing legal, political and practical advice according to the needs of human rights defenders and civil society groups; and by securing the economic, social and cultural rights through rights-based approaches to development.”

Asian Human Rights Commission

The Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) is an independent, non-governmental body which “seeks to promote greater awareness and realization of human rights in the Asian region, and to mobilize Asian and international public opinion to obtain relief and redress for the victims of human rights violations.” The AHRC promotes civil and political rights, in addition to economic, social and cultural rights.

Center for Economic and Social Rights (CESR)

CESR “works to promote social justice through human rights.” They seek “to hold governments and other actors accountable to their obligations to respect, protect and fulfill economic and social rights, as well as civil and political rights.”

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is a convention that set out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of children. The CRC, which came into force on September 2, 1990, establishes that children (all humans under 18 years old) have the right to the human rights declared in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The Global Policy Forum

Global Policy Forum is an independent policy watchdog that monitors the work of the United Nations and scrutinizes global policymaking. GPF works particularly on the UN Security Council, the food and hunger crisis, and the global economy. GPF analyzes deep and persistent structures of power and dissects rapidly-emerging issues and crises. GPF’s work challenges mainstream thinking and questions conventional wisdom.

The Hunger Site

This site was “founded to focus the power of the Internet on a specific humanitarian need: the eradication of world hunger.” By simply clicking a button, a sponsor (Mercy Corps and Feeding America) donates a cup of food to those who suffer from hunger (to date it has had over 300 million visitors, donating 657 million cups of food).

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)

This is a link to the United Nation’s International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, which came into force on January 3, 1976. The purpose of the treaty was to require member states to work towards the granting of economic, social and cultural rights (such as labor rights, right to health, right to education, etc.)

Protocol of San Salvador to the ACHR for the Americas

The Protocol of San Salvador is an additional protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights, which was signed on November 22, 1969 in San Jose, Costa Rica. The Protocol covers the area of economic, social and cultural rights.

Right to Education Project

This project “aims to promote social mobilization and legal accountability, looking to focus on the legal challenges to the right to education.”

Women’s Environment and Development Organization

The Women’s Environment and Development Organization’s (WEDO) mission is to “empower women as decision makers to achieve economic, social and gender justice, a healthy, peaceful planet, and human rights for all.” WEDO emphasizes “women’s critical role in society, economic and political spheres.”

 

Freedom of Expression and Human Rights

Article 19 – Global Campaign for Freedom of Expression

Article 19 is a human rights pioneer, defending and promoting freedom of expression and freedom of information all over the world. It “monitors, researches, publishes, lobbies, campaigns, sets standards and litigates on behalf of freedom of expression wherever it is threatened.”

Center for Democracy & Technology (CDT)

This center is a non-profit, public interest organization working to “keep the Internet open, innovative, and free.” The CDT “seeks practical solutions to enhance free expression and privacy in communication technologies.”

Committee to Protect Journalists

This is an independent non-profit organization, which promotes “press freedom worldwide by defending the rights of journalists to report the news without fear of reprisal.”

Convention on the International Right of Correction

This site provides the text of the “Convention on the International Right of Correction,” which is followed by the United Nations. It entered into force on August 24, 1962.

Electronic Frontiers Australia

Electronic Frontiers Australia is a non-profit national (Australia) organization “representing Internet users concerned with on-line freedoms and rights.” It’s main objective is to “protect and promote the civil liberties of users and operators of computer based communication systems such as the Internet, to advocate the amendment of laws and regulations in Australia and elsewhere (both current and proposed) with restrict free speech and to educate the community at large about the social, political, and civil liberties issues involved in the use of computer based communications systems.”

Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF)

EFF “fights for freedom primarily in the courts, bringing and defending lawsuits even when it means taking on the U.S. government or large corporations.” It works to defend digital rights of individuals and the general public.

Feminist for Free Expression

This organization is “a group of diverse feminists working to preserve the individual’s right and responsibility to read, listen, view and produce materials of her choice, without the intervention of the state ‘for her own good.’”

Freedom of Expression Institute (South Africa)

The Freedom of Expression Institute (South Africa) was established to “protect and foster the rights to freedom of expression and access to information, and to oppose censorship.”

Global Network Initiative

The Global Network Initiative was formed by companies, civil society organizations (including human rights and press freedom groups), investors and academics. It works to “protect and advance freedom of expression and privacy in the ICT (Information & Communications Technology) sector.”

Global Rights.org – Partners for Justice Online

It is “a human rights advocacy group that partners with local activists to challenge injustice and amplify new voices within the global discourse.” It emphasizes “promoting women’s human rights and combating discrimination on the basis of race, ethnicity or sexual orientation.”

Human Rights First Society (HRFS)– Saudi Arabia

HRSF is “dedicated to protecting and defending human rights in Saudi Arabia, in accordance with Islamic teaching.” They stand for “applying the rule of law, freedoms of expression and association, and abolishing all discrimination in Saudi society on the basis of gender or religious belief,” and will use peaceful means to advocate.

Investigative Journalism Center of Moldova

The Investigative Journalism Center of Moldavia has the objectives to develop and promote investigative journalism professional and independent local press; strengthen a resource center in the field of investigative journalism and information in Moldova; establish a network of investigative reporters, assist in making journalist press inquires, verification of data and information, and facilitate relationships with sources; provide legal advice to investigative journalists in need; promote, protection and train investigative journalists; affirmation of transparency and freedom of expression through investigative journalism; and many more.”

Norwegian PEN

Norwegian PEN is the Norwegian division of the Intentional PEN (“Poets, Essayists and Novelists” or Poets, Editors and Novelists”). PEN has two purposes: the first, to “establish an international, literacy organization,” and “to create an organization that could work and fight for authors’ and other writers’ right to freedom of expression.”

PEN America Center

This website is for the U.S. branch of PEN (“Poets, Essayists and Novelists” or “Poets, Editors and Novelists”). There are many PEN programs, but they share the some foundation, “the belief that free expression is an essential component of every healthy society.”

Reporters Without Borders

Reporters Without Borders is a worldwide organization, which fights for press freedom worldwide.

The International Freedom of Expression eXchange (IFEX)

This is a network that “monitors, promotes and defends freedom of expression worldwide.”

 

Genocide and Holocaust

The Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies

The Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies is an independent center at the University of Minnesota. It is a “resource for information and teaching about the Holocaust and contemporary aspects of genocide as defined by the U.N. Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide (1948).” It contains links to hundreds of genocide topics (such as anti-Semitism, Armenian genocide, Asian genocide, genocide in Darfur, East Timor and the former Yugoslavia).

International Criminal Court

This is the official website of the International Criminal Court (ICC), which is the “first permanent, treaty based, international criminal court established to help end impunity for the perpetrators of the most serious crimes of concern to the international community,” which are genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. It is governed by the Rome Statute, which has 109 countries officially abiding by it.

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR)

The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) is a United Nations court of law created on November 8, 1994. The ICTR was established for the “prosecution of persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1994,” and it is able to “deal with the prosecution of Rwandan citizens responsible for genocide and other violations of international law committed in the territory of neighboring States during the same period.”

 

Health and Human Rights

AAAS: Science and Human Rights Program

This program works with scientists to “advance science and serve society” through human rights. It does this through “engaging individual scientists and scientific associations in human rights efforts; applying scientific tools and technologies to enhance human rights work; bringing human rights standards to the conduct of science; and promoting the human right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress.”

AIDS Organizations Around the World

This is a list of many of the AIDS organizations around the world, which provides information and resources. It is provided by “The Body: The Complete HIV/AIDS Resource” website.

Association of Reproductive Health Professionals

The Association of Reproductive Health Professionals (ARHP) produces “accredited, evidence-based programs for health care professional across a board range of topics” (typically topics regarding reproductive health). Their mission is solely to educate.

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

This is the official website of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC “serves as the national focus for developing and applying disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and health education activities designed to improve the health of the people of the United States.”

Center for Reproductive Rights

The Center for Reproductive Rights has “used the law to advance reproductive freedom as a fundamental human right that all governments are legally obligated to protect, respect, and fulfill.” They feel that “reproductive freedom lies at the heart of the promise of human dignity, self-determination and equality embodied in both the U.S. Constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights” and are working to protect that right.

Electronic Resource Centre: Human Rights Educational Library

This is the link to the Human Rights Education Association electronic library. It contains over 2,000 guides, curricula, textbooks and other documents for the formal and non-formal education about, for and in human rights.

Global Lawyers and Physicians

Global Lawyers and Physicians is a non-profit, NGO that focuses on health and human rights issues. Their mission is to “work at the local, national, and international levels through collaboration and partnerships with individuals, NGOs, IGOs, and governments on issues such as the global implementation of the health-related provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, with a focus on health and human rights, patient rights, and human experimentation.”

Human Rights Program, Harvard Law School

This program “seeks to give impetus and direction to international human rights work at Harvard Law School.”

Physicians for Human Rights (PHR)

PHR was founded on the “idea that health professionals, with their specialized skills, ethical duties, and credible voices, are uniquely positioned to investigate the health consequences of human right violations and work to stop them.” It was a co-recipient of the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize.

Physicians for Global Survival, Canada

This organization is “committed to the abolition of nuclear weapons, the prevention of war, the promotion of nonviolent means of conflict resolution and social justice in a sustainable world.”

Population, Refugees and Migration Home Page, U.S. State Department

The Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (PRM) provides “aid and sustainable solutions for refugees, victims of conflict and stateless people around the world, through repatriation, local integration, and resettlement in the United States.”

Stop Global AIDS Campaign

This campaign is sponsored by the Global AIDS Alliance (GAA), which “seeks to mobilize a comprehensive and compassionate response to the global AIDS crisis, while addressing the epidemic’s fundamental links to social justice issues such as poverty and gender inequity.” They demand “faster, bolder action and concrete results for people living with HIV/AIDS and at risk of HIV infection.”

The Hunger Site

This site was “founded to focus the power of the Internet on a specific humanitarian need: the eradication of world hunger.” By simply clicking a button, a sponsor (Mercy Corps and Feeding America) donates a cup of food to those who suffer from hunger (to date it has had over 300 million visitors, donating 657 million cups of food).

United Nations Population Fund

The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is an “international development agency that promotes the right of every woman, man and child to enjoy a life of health and equal opportunities.” It supports countries in using population data for policies and programs to “reduce poverty and to ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe, every young person is free of HIV/AIDS, and every girl and women is treated with dignity and respect.”

World Health Organization (WHO)

WHO is the “directing and coordinating health authority within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.”

 

HIV/AIDS and Human Rights

AIDS Action

AIDS Action is a U.S. based organization that invasions a world without AIDS. Its mission is to “advocate on a national level for people living with or affected by HIV/AIDS and the organizations that serve them.”

AIDS Organizations Around the World

This is a list of many of the AIDS organizations around the world, which provides information and resources. It is provided by “The Body: The Complete HIV/AIDS Resource” website.

Stop Global AIDS Campaign  

This campaign is sponsored by the Global AIDS Alliance (GAA), which “seeks to mobilize a comprehensive and compassionate response to the global AIDS crisis, while addressing the epidemic’s fundamental links to social justice issues such as poverty and gender inequity.” They demand “faster, bolder action and concrete results for people living with HIV/AIDS and at risk of HIV infection.”

 

Human Rights and Freedom of Religion or Belief

Center for Study on New Religions

It is an international network of associations of scholars working in the field of new religious movements.

Council for Secular Humanism

This council “cultivates rational inquiry, ethical values, and human development through the advancement of secular humanism.” They publish the bi-monthly journal, Free Inquiry.

International Association for Religious Freedom

This U.K. based charity has the “aim of working for freedom of religion and belief at a global level.” They have over 90 affiliated member groups in 25 different countries.

International Coalition for Religious Freedom Links

The link offers about twenty other links that focus on religious freedom.

MOST Clearing House on Religious Rights

MOST is the Management of Social Transformations Programme, part of UNESCO. This site is aimed “at stimulating international, interdisciplinary and policy-relevant social science research on democratic governance in multi-religious societies.”

Oslo Coalition on Freedom

The Oslo Coalition on Freedom of Religion or Belief is an “international network of representatives from religious and other life-stance communities, NGOs, international organizations and research institutes.” It “works to advance freedom of religion or belief (FORB) as a common benefit that is accepted and embraced by all religions and persuasions.” It also “works to promote mutual understanding and cooperation between communities of different persuasions and to hinder injustice, intolerance and distrust springing from religious differences.”

Project Tandem, Equal Rights by Separation of Belief and State

The Tandem Project is a non-profit, NGO which was established to “build understanding and respect for diversity of religion or belief, and prevent discrimination in matters relating to freedom of religion or belief.” It is founded on Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which states, “everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion,” and on the 1981 United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief.

Religious Freedom Page – Nation Profiles

This website is provides an examination of the status of religious freedom for every nation in the world. By simply clicking the name of a country, one can access the distribution of religious groups, the summary of the status of religious freedom, links to other websites, books and resources, regarding similar information, and comparable key demographic features for the country.

U.S. State Department Annual Report on International Religious Freedom

This website contains an archive (post-2001) of the International Religious Freedom report submitted to Congress by the U.S. Department of State. The reports supplement the “most recent Human Rights Reports by providing additional detailed information with respect to matters involving religious freedom.” For the archive of reports prior to 2001, click here

U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom

This is the official website for the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF), which was created by the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 to “monitor the status of freedom of thought, conscience, and religion or belief abroad, as defined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and related international instruments, and to give independent policy recommendations to the President, the Secretary of State, and the Congress.”

 

Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights

Arctic Council – Indigenous People’s Secretariat

This is a support Secretariat for the International Indigenous Peoples’ Organization that are Permanent Participants to the Arctic Council. It creates opportunities for the Indigenous Peoples’ Organizations to speak for themselves, and provide them with necessary information and materials.

Center for World Indigenous Studies (CWIS)

CWIS is an independent, non-profit research and education organization “dedicated to wider understanding and appreciation of the ideas and knowledge of indigenous peoples and the social, economic and political realities of indigenous nations.” It does this through the publication and distribution of literature written and voiced by 4th world nations.

University of Minnesota Human Rights Center – Indigenous Peoples’ Human Rights Initiative

This initiative is a collaboration of the International Indian Treaty Council and the University of Minnesota Human Rights Center. It is striving to “build global advocacy networks and mentorship opportunities grounded in the understanding the accomplishments Indigenous Peoples have made through the U.N.,” training and mentoring activists, and creating and distributing Indigenous Peoples’ human rights resources.

 

Intellectual Property and Human Rights

Cultural and Intellectual Property Rights

This is a link to the Cultural and Intellectual Property Rights section of the ANKN (Alaska Native Knowledge Network). It provides information, guidelines and principles that have been developed for the “protection of the cultural and intellectual property rights of Alaska Native people in all areas of knowledge, tradition and artifacts associated with Native cultures, as they made their traditional knowledge available to others.”

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

WIPO is a specialized agency of the U.N. It is “dedicated to developing a balanced and accessible international intellectual property (IP) system, which rewards creativity, stimulates innovation and contributes to economic development while safeguarding the public interest.”

World Trade Organization (WTO)

WTO is the “only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations.” Its goal is to “help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business.”

 

International Criminal Tribunals

African International Courts and Tribunals

This site provides a centralized source (and reference) to the courts and tribunals in Africa. It contains an overview, recent news, basic documents, selected bibliography, biographies of its judges, and related jurisprudence from Member States for each of the international courts or tribunals substantially touching Africa.

Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe

This commission, also known as the Helsinki Commission, is an independent U.S. government agency created to “monitor and encourage compliance with the Helsinki Final Act and other OSCE commitments.”

Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia for the Prosecution of Crimes Committed during the Period of Democratic Kampuchea (ECCC) was created jointly by the Cambodian government and the United Nations in 2001, but it operates independently from the United Nations. The ECCC is unique because it invited international participation but the trials are held in Cambodia with a Cambodian staff and judges with foreign personnel. The purpose of the ECCC is to establish a “trial to prosecute the senior leaders of the Khmer Rouge.”

International Criminal Court

This is the official website of the International Criminal Court (ICC), which is the “first permanent, treaty based, international criminal court established to help end impunity for the perpetrators of the most serious crimes of concern to the international community,” which are genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. It is governed by the Rome Statute, which has 109 countries officially abiding by it.

International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY)

The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) is a “U.N. court of law dealing with war crimes that took place during the conflict in the Balkans in the 1990’s.” It was established in 1993, and since then it has “irreversibly changed the landscape of international humanitarian law” by showing that those “suspected of bearing the greatest responsibility for atrocities committed can be called to account, as well as that guild should be individualized, protecting entire communities from being labeled as ‘collectively responsible,’” and the ICTY has shown that an “individual’s senior position can no longer protect them from prosecution.”

Special Court for Sierra Leone

The United Nations and the Government of Sierra Leone established the Special Court for Sierra Leone jointly, and its mandate is to “try those who bear the greatest responsibility for serious violations of international humanitarian law and Sierra Leonean law committed in the territory of Sierra Leone since 30 November 1996.”

The Project on International Courts and Tribunals (PICT)

This is the website for “the only internationally based effort to address, with a comprehensive and holistic approach, all existing international courts and tribunals. It couples academic research with concrete action aimed at facilitating the work of international courts and tribunals at developing the lawyering skills of potential actors, in particular, in developing countries and economies-in-transition.”

World Courts

This site provides information and research assistance in the area of international judicial organizations. It contains information on the Permanent Court of International Justice, Central American Court of Justice, International Commissions of Inquiry, International Prize Court and the Economic Court of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

 

International Humanitarian Law

International Council on Human Rights Policy, Ends and Means: Human Rights Approaches to Armed Groups, 2000

The International Council on Human Rights’ program “Armed Groups: Approaches to Influencing Their Behavior,” published the report “Ends and Means: Human Rights Approaches to Armed Groups” (under Documents – Report). The report “suggests a framework for analyzing how to encourage armed groups to respect human rights.”

International Institute of Humanitarian Law

The International Institute of Humanitarian Law is an Italian independent, non-profit humanitarian organization whose purpose is to “promote international humanitarian law, human rights, refugee law and related issues.” Since its 1970 founding the Institute “has earned an international reputation as a center for excellence in the field of training, research, and the dissemination of all aspects of international humanitarian law.”

International Legal Search Engine – Human Rights & Humanitarian Law

The International Legal Search Engine – Human Rights and Humanitarian Law provides public access to the “international rules binding a specific country.” The database covers over 250 conventions in the field of human rights and humanitarian law in French, English and Spanish.

International Humanitarian Law (IHL), International Committee of the Red Cross

The International Humanitarian Law – Treaties & Documents, provided by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a database the contains 100 treaties and other texts from 1856 to present, commentaries on the four Geneva Conventions, and the “current situation regarding signatures, ratifications, accessions and succession as well as the full texts of reservations, declarations and objections.”

International Humanitarian Law and National Implementation Database

The International Humanitarian Law and National Implementation Database provide “documentation and commentaries concerning the implementation of international humanitarian law at the national level.”

Rule of Law in Armed Conflict—50 Country Profiles

The Rule of Law in Armed Conflict (RULAC) Project is part of the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights. RULAC provides a global database, which aims to “report on every State and disputed territory in the world, addressing both the legal norms that apply as well as the extent to which they are respected by the relevant actors.”

 

Internet/Computers and Human Rights

PC Internet Rights Charter

The Association for Progressive Communications (APC) provides the charter for Internet rights. It covers the 6 topics, including, internet access for all, freedom of expression and association, access to knowledge, shared learning and creation – free and open source software and technology development, privacy, surveillance and encryption, and finally governance of the Internet.

Center for Democracy & Technology (CDT)

This center is a non-profit, public interest organization working to “keep the Internet open, innovative, and free.” The CDT “seeks practical solutions to enhance free expression and privacy in communication technologies.”

Children’s Defense Fund

The Children’s Defense Fund (CDF) is a child advocacy organization that works to “ensure a level playing field for all children.”

Childwatch International

This international research network is a “global non-profit, nongovernmental network of institutions that collaborate in child research for the purpose of promoting child rights and improving children’s well-being around the world.”

Committee to Protect Journalists

The Committee to Protect Journalists is an independent, non-profit organization. It works to “promote press freedom worldwide by defending the rights of journalists to report the news without fear of reprisal.”

Electronic Frontiers Australia

Electronic Frontiers Australia is a non-profit national (Australia) organization “representing Internet users concerned with on-line freedoms and rights.” It’s main objective is to “protect and promote the civil liberties of users and operators of computer based communication systems such as the Internet, to advocate the amendment of laws and regulations in Australia and elsewhere (both current and proposed) with restrict free speech and to educate the community at large about the social, political, and civil liberties issues involved in the use of computer based communications systems.”

Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF)

EFF “fights for freedom primarily in the courts, bringing and defending lawsuits even when it means taking on the U.S. government or large corporations.” It works to defend digital rights of individuals and the general public.

Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC)

EPIC is a public interest research center in Washington D.C. that focuses “public attention on emerging civil liberties issues and to protect privacy, the First Amendment, and constitutional values.”

Free the Children

It is the world’s largest network of children helping children though education. The primary goal is “to free children from poverty and exploitation and free young people from the notion that they are powerless to affect positive change in the world.”

The Future of Children

The Future of Children is a collaboration of the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University and the Brooking Institution. It seeks to “promote effective policies and programs for children by providing policymakers, service providers, and the media with timely, objective information based on the best available research.”

Global Network Initiative

The Global Network Initiative was formed by companies, civil society organizations (including human rights and press freedom groups), investors and academics. It works to “protect and advance freedom of expression and privacy in the ICT (Information & Communications Technology) sector.”

Global Vision: Media for the Millennium

Global Vision’s mission is to tell stories from the inside out, which includes “working with other cultures – not at them – and helping people to tell their own stories in their own way” to the world.

Global Youth Action Network

The Global Youth Action Network “believes that critical issues facing the planet now demand our action and attention; and that if we are to solve these problems in our life, then we must act, and combine our efforts to guarantee a future of peace, justice and sustainability.” It works with youth participation and action to facilitate their mission.

Headliners

This organization, formerly known as Children’s Express Worldwide, is a U.K.-wide news agency producing “news, features and comments by young people for everyone.” Through its program, “young people aged 8 to 19 research and write stories on issues that are important to them for publication in national and local newspapers, magazines, television and radio.”

 

Islam and Human Rights

Arab Charter of Human Rights

The Arab Charter of Human Rights (adopted by the League of Arab States), affirms the principles regarding human rights found in the U.N. Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenants on Human Rights and the Cairo Declaration of Human Rights in Islam.

Human Rights First Society (HRFS)– Saudi Arabia

HRSF is “dedicated to protecting and defending human rights in Saudi Arabia, in accordance with Islamic teaching.” They stand for “applying the rule of law, freedoms of expression and association, and abolishing all discrimination in Saudi society on the basis of gender or religious belief,” and will use peaceful means to advocate.

 

Legal Ethics and Human Rights

ABA Center for Professional Responsibility

The American Bar Association Center for Professional Responsibility “advances the public interest by promoting and encouraging high ethical conduct and professionalism by lawyers and judges.” It provides “national leadership and guidance to the profession and the judiciary by developing, interpreting and promoting the implementation of polices and standards for the conduct and regulation of lawyers and judges and by producing scholarly and other resources.” This seeks to “assure that lawyers and judges perform their duties in a manner that advances respect for the rule of law, the legal process, the legal profession and the judiciary.”

 

Refugee and Aid

American Immigration Center

This for-profit company specializes in “producing, publishing, distributing and stocking self-help and information products relating to U.S. Immigration and U.S. Citizenship.” It goal is to provide inexpensive “informative, educational and self-help resources for basic U.S. immigration needs.”

American Immigration Law Foundation

The American Immigration Law Foundation is “dedicated to increasing public understanding of immigration law and policy and the value of immigration to American society, and to advancing fundamental fairness and due process under the law for immigrants.”

American Refugee Committee

The American Refugee Committee (ARC) is an international, non-profit, non-sectarian organization that provides humanitarian assistance and training to millions. It works with refugee communities in 7 countries around the world (Darfur, Liberia, Pakistan, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Thailand and Uganda) providing shelter, clean water and sanitation, health care, skill training, micro-credit education, protection and any other support that the refugees may need.

Asylum Law Organization

This website was founded for the purpose of “using the Internet to help lawyers and other accredited representatives worldwide prepare the best asylum cases they can.” The site contains legal tools (for different countries), case support (with documents) and information for those seeking asylum.

British Refugee Council

The British Refugee Council is an organization that works with asylum seekers and refugees through direct help and support (advice, caring for separated children), offering training and employment courses for asylum seekers and refugees, campaigning and lobbying for them, and producing authoritative information on them.

Canadian Council for Refugees (CCR)

The CCR is a non-profit umbrella organization “committed to the rights and protection of refugees in Canada and around the world and to the settlement of refugees and immigrants in Canada.”

CARE Homepage

CARE is a leading humanitarian organization that fights global poverty. CARE is unique because “women are at the heart of CARE’s community-based efforts to improve basic education, prevent the spread of HIV, increase access to clean water and sanitation, expand economic opportunity and protect natural resources.”

Carter Center

The Carter Center, founded by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and his wife, is “committed to advancing human rights and alleviating unnecessary human suffering.” Its mission is “creating a world in which every man, women, and child has the opportunity to enjoy good health and live in peace.”

Center for Gender and Refugee Studies

The Center for Gender and Refugee Studies (CGRS) at the University of California, Hastings College of the Law, is the “nation’s leading organization supporting women asylum-seekers fleeing gender related harm, at both the practice and policy levels.” Its mission is to “protect the basic human rights of refugee women and girls by advancing gender-sensitive asylum laws, helping advocates successfully represent women in need of protection, and preventing these refugees from being forcibly returned to the countries from which they have fled.”

Center for Immigration Studies (CIS)

CIS is an independent, non-partisan, non-profit research organization. It is the nation’s only “think tank devoted exclusively to research and policy analysis of the economic, social, demographic, fiscal, and other impacts of immigration on the United States.”

Center for Refugee Studies – York University

The Center for Refugee Studies is a “hub for researchers, students, service providers and policy makers concerned about refugee and forced migration issues.” The center produces Refuge, which is a leading journal on research of refugee issues.

Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. (CLINIC) Profile

This is the non-profit profile of CLINIC, whose mission is “to develop and implement a system for direct delivery of legal services to ‘indigent and low income’ immigrants through diocesan immigration programs.” It seeks to “enhance, extend and support the legal immigration work of the Catholic Church in the United States.”

Danish Refugee Council

The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) is a humanitarian organization that works with “all aspects of the refugee cause, with the aim of helping and promoting durable solutions for refugees and internally displaced people, on the basis of humanitarian principles and human rights.”

Electronic Immigration Network (EIN)

EIN is a provider of U.K. immigration and refugee law via the Internet, for asylum seekers and immigrants, students, journalists, judges, academics, parliamentary researchers and all others who have an interest in the field of immigration and asylum.

European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE)

ECRE is a “pan-European network of 60 refugee-assisting NGO’s that promotes a humane and generous European asylum policy.” It promotes the “protection and integration of asylum-seekers, refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) based on values of human dignity, human rights and an ethic of solidarity.”

Forced Migration

Forced Migration Online (FMO) provides access to a variety of online resources that address the situation of forced migrants worldwide. It aims to “give comprehensive information in an impartial environment and to promote increased awareness of human displacement issues to an international community of users.”

Forced Migration Review

Forced Migration Review (FMR) is a free tri-annual publication in English, Arabic, Spanish and French discussing refugee and internal displacement issues. It is published by the Refugee Studies Centre at the Oxford Department of International Development, University of Oxford.

Global Youth Connect – Bhutanese Refugees

Global Youth Connects (whose motto is “acting together for compassion, human rights, and responsibility”) has this Bhutanese Refugees program which works to help the Bhutanese refugees.

Human Rights First

Human Rights First is a non-profit, nonpartisan international human rights organization that seeks to protect people at risk (refugees, victims of crimes against humanity or other human rights violations, victims of discrimination, and human rights activists), and “works to prevent violations against these groups and to seek justice and accountability for violations against them.” They believe that “building respect for human rights and the rule of law will help ensure the dignity to which every individual is entitled and will stem tyranny, extremism, intolerance, and violence.”

Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada

The Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) is “Canada’s largest independent administrative tribunal,” which is “responsible for making well-reasoned decisions on immigration and refugee matters, efficiently, fairly and in accordance with the law.”

The Inter-University Committee on International Migration

This inter-university committee is a “focal point for migration and refugee studies at member institutions” (Boston University, Brandeis University, The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Harvard University, MIT (committee is chaired as a program of the Center for International Studies), Tufts University and Wellesley College). Annually, the committee sponsors two seminar series on international migration: the Migration Seminar Series (at MIT), in which they “explore factors affecting international population movements and their impact upon sending and receiving countries and relations among them.”

International Journal of Refugee Law

This is a link to the International Journal of Refugee Law, which is a “key source material in the field of refugee protection.” It serves as a tool for all “engaged in the protection of refugees and finding solutions to their problems,” and includes information and commentary on the “causes of refugee and related movements, internal displacement, the particular situation of women and refugee children, the human rights dimension, restrictive policies, asylum and determination procedures, populations at risk, and the conditions in different countries.”

Jesuit Refugee Service

The Jesuit Refugee Service’s (JRS/USA) mission is to “accompany, serve and defend the rights of these vulnerable and often forgotten people” (refugees and forcibly displaced individuals).

Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service

When formed in 1939 in New York, Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service helped Lutheran refugees from Europe who managed to escape (from WWII) to this country, in which they gave refugees “a whole chance at life.” Their mission remains similar, “bringing new hope and new life.”

National Network for Immigrant and Refugee Rights

The National Network for Immigrant and Refugee Rights (NNIRR) is a national organization made-up of local coalitions and immigrants, refugee, community, religious, civil rights and labor organizations and activists. NNIRR “serves as a forum to share information and analysis, to educate communities and the general public, and to develop and coordinate plans of action on important immigrant and refugee issues.” It works to “promote a just immigration and refugee policy in the United States and to defend and expand the rights of all immigrants and refugees, regardless of immigration status.”

Norwegian Refugee Council

The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is an independent, humanitarian NGO, which “provides assistance, protection and durable solutions to refugees and internally displaced persons worldwide.”

Oxford Journal of Refugee Studies

The Oxford Journal of Refugee Studies is a “forum for exploration of the complex problems of forced migration and national, regional and international responses.” It is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal, published in association with the Refugee Studies Centre at the University of Oxford.

Oxford University Refugee Study Center

The Refugee Study Center (RSC) at Oxford University has an “international reputation as the leading multidisciplinary center for research and teaching on the causes and consequences of forced migration.” RSC’s philosophy is to “combine world-class academic research with a commitment to improving the lives and situations for some of the world’s most disadvantaged people.”

Population, Refugees and Migration Home Page, U.S. State Department

The Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (PRM) provides “aid and sustainable solutions for refugees, victims of conflict and stateless people around the world, through repatriation, local integration, and resettlement in the United States.”

Refugees International

Refugees International “advocates for lifesaving assistance and protection for displaced people promotes solutions to displacement crises.” It works for “abandoned refugees receive food, medicine and education; displaced families return home; peacekeepers are sent to protect displaced people from harm; and stateless people obtain legal status.”

Refugee Review Tribunal, Australia

The Refugee Review Tribunal (RRT), Australia and the Migration Review Tribunal (MRT) work to “provide correct and preferable decisions for visa applicants and sponsors through independent, fair, just, economical, informal and quick merits review of migration and refugee decisions.”

U.N. Refugee Agency

The U.N. Refugee Agency (also called the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) is “mandated to lead and coordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve problems worldwide.” The primary purpose of the U.N. Refugee Agency is to “safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees,” in addition to ensuring that everyone can “exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country.”

U.N. High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR)

The office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (also called the U.N. Refugee Agency) is “mandated to lead and coordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve problems worldwide.” The primary purpose of the U.N. High Commission for Refugees is to “safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees,” in addition to ensuring that everyone can “exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country.”

UNHCR- Country of Origin and Legal Information Database (REFWORLD)

REFWORLD is a “leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status.” The site contains a “vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal framework.”

 

The Rights on Non-Citizens

American Immigration Center

This for-profit company specializes in “producing, publishing, distributing and stocking self-help and information products relating to U.S. Immigration and U.S. Citizenship.” It goal is to provide inexpensive “informative, educational and self-help resources for basic U.S. immigration needs.”

American Refugee Committee (ARC)

ARC is an international, non-profit, non-sectarian organization that provides humanitarian assistance and training to millions. It works with refugee communities in 7 countries around the world (Darfur, Liberia, Pakistan, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Thailand and Uganda) providing shelter, clean water and sanitation, health care, skill training, micro-credit education, protection and any other support that the refugees may need.

Center for Gender and Refugee Studies

The Center for Gender and Refugee Studies (CGRS) at the University of California, Hastings College of the Law, is the “nation’s leading organization supporting women asylum-seekers fleeing gender related harm, at both the practice and policy levels.” Its mission is to “protect the basic human rights of refugee women and girls by advancing gender-sensitive asylum laws, helping advocates successfully represent women in need of protection, and preventing these refugees from being forcibly returned to the countries from which they have fled.”

Center for Immigration Studies (CIS), Washington D.C.

CIS is an independent, non-partisan, non-profit research organization. It is the nation’s only “think tank devoted exclusively to research and policy analysis of the economic, social, demographic, fiscal, and other impacts of immigration on the United States.”

Center for Migration Studies

The Center for Migration Studies (CMS) is a non-profit organization, whose goal is to “support and undertake research, and to provide a forum for debate on international migration.” CMS also publishes the International Migration Review, which is a “leading peer-reviewed scholarly journal specialized in the subject of international migration.”

Center for Refugee Studies – York University

The Center for Refugee Studies is a “hub for researchers, students, service providers and policy makers concerned about refugee and forced migration issues.” The center produces Refuge, which is a leading journal on research of refugee issues.

Centre for Migration Law – University of Nijmegen

The Centre for Migration Law at the University of Nijmegen (Netherlands) conducts research that is focused on issues surrounding migration and minority protection.

International Journal of Refugee Law

This is a link to the International Journal of Refugee Law, which is a “key source material in the field of refugee protection.” It serves as a tool for all “engaged in the protection of refugees and finding solutions to their problems,” and includes information and commentary on the “causes of refugee and related movements, internal displacement, the particular situation of women and refugee children, the human rights dimension, restrictive policies, asylum and determination procedures, populations at risk, and the conditions in different countries.”

Refugees International

Refugees International “advocates for lifesaving assistance and protection for displaced people promotes solutions to displacement crises.” It works for “abandoned refugees receive food, medicine and education; displaced families return home; peacekeepers are sent to protect displaced people from harm; and stateless people obtain legal status.”

U.N. Refugee Agency

The U.N. Refugee Agency (also called the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) is “mandated to lead and coordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve problems worldwide.” The primary purpose of the U.N. Refugee Agency is to “safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees,” in addition to ensuring that everyone can “exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country.”

 

Romani and Human Rights

European Roma Rights Center

The European Roma Rights Centre (ERRC) is an “international public interest law organization engaging in a range of activities aimed at combating anti-Romani racism and human rights abuse of Roma.” ERRC’s approach involves “strategic litigation, international advocacy, research and policy development, and training of Romani activists.”

 

Rule of Law

Rule of Law Monitoring (United Nations)

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights published the “Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States: Monitoring Legal Systems” as a tool to monitor legal systems in recently emerging conflict states.

Rule of Law in Armed Conflict—50 Country Profiles

The Rule of Law in Armed Conflict (RULAC) Project is part of the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights. RULAC provides a global database, which aims to “report on every State and disputed territory in the world, addressing both the legal norms that apply as well as the extent to which they are respected by the relevant actors.”

 

Small Arms and Human Rights

Arms Trade Guide

This “Arms Trade Revealed: Guide for Investigators and Activists,” is available via the Federation of American Scientists (FAS), and discusses the issues and secrets of the arms trade for those who are investigating it, or opposing it.

Coalition to Oppose the Arms Trade

The Canadian based Coalition to Oppose the Arms Trade (COAT) was originally founded to organize opposition to ARMX ’89, which was Canada’s largest weapons bazaar. It continues to “expose and oppose Canada’s role in the international arms trade, particularly where there is trade to governments which are engaged in war or which violate human rights.”

The Federation of American Scientists – Arms Sales Monitoring Project

The Federation of American Scientists’ (FAS) Arms Sales Monitoring Project (ASMP) “seeks to increase transparency, accountability and restraint in the legal arms trade; eradicate the illicit arms trade; and to serve as a repository on data on U.S. arms transfers and arms export controls.”

International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA)

IANSA is a “global movement against gun violence – a network of 800 civil society organizations working in 120 countries to stop the proliferation and misuse of small arms and light weapons.” It seeks to “make people safer from gun violence by securing stronger regulation on guns in society and better controls on arms exports.”

 

Terrorism and Human Rights

Center for Democracy and Technology – Counter Terrorism

The Center for Democracy and Technology is a “non-profit public policy organization dedicated to promoting the democratic potential of today’s open, decentralized global Internet.” Its Counter Terrorism section discusses the issues regarding Internet and the privacy of the Internet in relationship to counter terrorism.

Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)

CSIS “provides strategic insights and policy solutions to decision makers in government, international institutions, the private sector, and civil society.” CSIS focuses on “defense and security, regional stability, and transnational challenges ranging from energy and climate to global development and economic integration.”

Columbia International Affairs Online, CIAO Responds to the Terrorist Attacks against the United States

The Columbia International Affairs Online (CIAO) has a special section regarding the CIAO response to the terrorist attacks against the United States of America. It includes links to different treaties and documents regarding terrorism, analyses and commentary.

Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), Counter-Terrorism Archive

EPIC is a public interest research center in Washington D.C. that focuses “public attention on emerging civil liberties issues and to protect privacy, the First Amendment, and constitutional values.” One of the focuses is on the issues regarding “Counter-Terrorism Proposals” which discusses the conflict between civil liberties and counter terrorism.

Federation of American Scientists (FAS)

FAS is an organization of scientists, founded by scientists who had worked on the Manhattan Project (first atomic bombs), who believed that “scientists had a unique responsibility to both warn the public and policy leaders of potential dangers from scientific and technological advances and to show how good policy could increase the benefits of new scientific knowledge.” One of the focuses of FAS is strategic security, which covers arms sales monitoring, bio-security, government secrecy, military analysis and nuclear information.

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights Report on Terrorism

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights’ Report of Terrorism and Human Rights discusses the impact of terrorism and its violence and fear in the Americas, and how it affect human rights in the Americas.

South Asia Terrorism Portal

The South Asian Terrorism Portal (SATP) is the “largest website on terrorism and low intensity warfare in South Asia, and creates the database and analytical context for research and analysis of all extremist movements in the region.” SATP “establishes a comprehensive, searchable and continuously updated database on all available information relating to terrorism, low intensity warfare and ethnic/communal/sectarian strife in South Asia.”

Torture and Human Rights

AAPP – Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (Burma)

AAPP was established by former political prisoners of Burma in order to assist fellow political prisoners through the assistance of political prisoners’ families to visit them, providing food and medicine, monitoring conditions in prisoners, publicize the arrests, conditions and stories of the prisoners, advocate and provide information for human rights groups, and assist former prisoners with their mental and physical rehabilitation. AAPP also works to publicize the Burmese military regime’s oppression, encourage support of international governments and organizations to pressure the Burmese military to put a stop to the persecution of political prisoners, secure prisoner’s basic human rights, protection and help them start a new lives.

Center for Justice and Accountability

The Center for Justice and Accountability (CJA) is an “international human rights organizations dedicated to ending torture and other severe human rights abuses around the world and advancing the rights of survivors to seek truth, justice and redress.” CJR “uses litigation to hold perpetrators individually accountable for human rights abuses, develop human rights laws, and advance the rule of law in countries transitioning from periods of abuse.”

Center for Victims of Torture

The Center for Victims of Torture “works to heal the wounds of torture on individuals, their families and their communities and to stop torture worldwide.”

European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhumane or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT)

CPT is a committee within the Council of Europe, which works to provide “non-judicial preventive machinery to protect detainees” via a system of visits by CPT. The European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhumane or Degrading Treatment or Punishment’s mandate is “the Committee shall, by means of visits, examine the treatment of persons deprived of their liberty with a view to strengthening, if necessary, the protection of such persons from torture and from inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment.”

HealthRight International: Survivors of Human Rights Abuses

HealthRight International (formerly Doctors of the World-USA) has a priority to help those who have survived human rights abuses, including torture. HealthRight International assists survivors of torture and other human rights abuses seeking asylum in the U.S., advocates for equal access to care, mobilizes communities, and trains providers and community members in “rights-based services and life-saving care.”

Human Rights First

Human Rights First is a non-profit, nonpartisan international human rights organization that seeks to protect people at risk (refugees, victims of crimes against humanity or other human rights violations, victims of discrimination, and human rights activists), and “works to prevent violations against these groups and to seek justice and accountability for violations against them.” They believe that “building respect for human rights and the rule of law will help ensure the dignity to which every individual is entitled and will stem tyranny, extremism, intolerance, and violence.”

Kurdish Human Rights Project

The Kurdish Human Rights Project (KHRP) is a British based independent, non-political project “committed to the protection of the human rights of all persons within the Kurdish regions, irrespective of race, religion, sex, political persuasion or other belief or opinion.” KHRP’s goals are to “combine its extensive expertise of international human rights law with local knowledge to: raise awareness of the human rights situation in the Kurdish regions of Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey and the Caucasus; bring an end to the violation of the rights of everybody who lives in the Kurdish regions; promote the protection of the rights of Kurdish people wherever they may live; and eradicate torture both in the Kurdish regions and across the globe.

Survivors International

Survivors International is a non-profit organization in San Francisco, California that is “dedicated to providing essential psychological and medical services to survivors of torture who have fled from around the world to the San Francisco Bay Area.” It aims to “help survivors put the pieces back together by providing the support they need to re-establish healthy and productive lives after their experiences of torture.”

Survivors of Torture International

Survivors of Torture International is a San Diego based independent non-profit “dedicated to caring for survivors of politically motivated torture and their families.” It helps survivors “to recover from their traumas through a holistic program including medical, dental, psychiatric, psychological and social services,” with legal assistance through a partner organization.

United Nations Convention Against Torture (CAT)

This is a link to the United Nations Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhumane or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. This convention requires member states to prevent torture within their borders and forbids the state to expel, return or extradite a person if there is substantial grounds for believing that person would be subject to torture or other cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment, upon their return to their home country.

World Organization Against Torture

The World Organization Against Torture (OMCT) is the main coalition of international NGOs “fighting against torture, summary executions, enforced disappearances and all other cruel, inhumane or degrading treatments.” The OMCT’s International Secretariat (based in Geneva, Switzerland) provides “personalized medical, legal and/or social assistance to hundreds of torture victims and ensures the daily dissemination of urgent appeals across the world, in order to protect individuals and to fight against impunity.”

 

Trade and Human Rights

Center for Trade Policy Studies

The Cato Institute Center for Trade Policy Studies’ (CTPS) mission is to “increase public understanding of the benefits of free trade and the costs of protectionism.” CTPS participates in the trade policy debate via the publication of briefing papers, policy analyses and books; holding policy forums and conferences, and engaging policymakers and opinion leaders.

The Global Compact

The U.N. Global Compact is a “strategic policy initiative for businesses that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with then universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labor, environment and anti-corruption.”

Global Witness

Global Witness “exposes the corrupt exploitation of natural resources and international trade systems, to drive campaigns that end impunity, resource-linked conflict, and human rights and environmental abuses.”

Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy

The Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (IATP) “works locally and globally at the intersection of policy and practice to ensure fair and sustainable food, farm and trade systems.” IATP advocates for fair trade policies that “promote strong health standards, labor and human rights, the environment and, most fundamentally, democratic institutions.”

Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR)

The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative is “responsible for developing and coordinating U.S. international trade, commodity, and direct investment policy, and overseeing negotiations with other countries.”

Pacific Basin Economic Council

The Pacific Basin Economic Council’s (PBEC) mission is to “be the voice of business in the Asia Pacific region; and to actively engage in the process of promoting a business environment in the region that ensures open trade and investment and encourages competitiveness based on the capabilities of individual companies; providing information, networking for, and service to members that increase their business opportunities; supporting cooperative business efforts to address the economic well-being of citizens in the region; advising governments in order to improve their business environment; generating foreign investment flows to support economic development objectives; reducing administrative barriers to international trade in the region; stimulating the development and accelerating the implementation of new technologies; and balancing economic development with the need for a clean environment.”

Public Citizen- Global Trade Watch

The Public Citizen’s Global Trade Watch (GTW) “promotes democracy by challenging corporate globalization, arguing that the current globalization model is neither random inevitability nor ‘free trade.’”

United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)

The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) was established as a “vehicle by which the United Nations could play a more active role in reducing or removing” the obstacles in the flow of trade created by the disparities in national laws governing international trade. Its role is to “further the progressive harmonization and unification of the law of international trade.”

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

UNCTAD (established 1964) promotes “the development-friendly integration of developing countries into the world economy.” It focuses on “ensuring that domestic polices and international action are mutually supportive in bring about sustainable development.”

U.N. Global Compact

It is a “strategic policy initiative for business that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption.”

World Trade Organization (WTO)

WTO is the “only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations.” Its goal is to “help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business.”

 

Trafficking and Human Rights

Action Against Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation of Children, Bangladesh

Action Against Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation of Children (ATSEC) Bangladesh is a non-profit organization and a coalition of 15 other NGOs working in Bangladesh for “prevention of trafficking in children and women and their sexual exploitation.” ATSEC “facilitates advocacy, creates awareness and social mobilization, provides technical support, initiates research and programme support activities at the grassroots, sub-national, national and regional levels to resist inhumane and heinous offences” like the trafficking and sexual exploitation of women and children.

Captive Daughters

Captive Daughters in a non-profit organization “committed to ending the exploitative practice of sex trafficking, with a particular focus on girls and women.” It works by bringing public attention to and to call for the elimination of the forced prostitution of women and girl children.

Coalition Against Trafficking in Women

The Coalition Against Trafficking in Women (CATW) is a NGO that promotes women’s human rights. It works internationally to “combat sexual exploitation in all its forms, especially prostitution and trafficking in women and children, in particular girls.”

Perm Center for Assistance to Victims of Violence and Human Trafficking

The Perm Center for Assistance to Victims of Violence and Human Trafficking is a non-profit organization in the Perm region of Russia. It works to render “assistance to persons suffered from all forms of violence and human trafficking, prevention of all forms of violence and human trafficking, prevention of the grown of a number of disabled persons as a result of violence and human trafficking” and raising public awareness of the problems of violence and human trafficking.

Center for Victims of Torture

The Center for Victims of Torture “works to heal the wounds of torture on individuals, their families and their communities and to stop torture worldwide.”

Child Wise

Child Wise is a Australian based organization that is “dedicated to protecting children from sexual abuse and exploitation in Australia and overseas by: providing direct assistance and support; raising awareness and educating the community; building the capacity of communities to protect children; responding to new risks to children; and, reducing the impact of child sexual abuse and exploitation.”

ECPAT- Global Network to Protect Children Against Commercial Sexual Exploitation

It is a “global network of organizations and individuals working together for the elimination of child prostitution, child pornography and the trafficking of children for sexual purposes. It seeks to encourage the world community to ensure that children everywhere enjoy their fundamental rights free and secure for all forms of commercial sexual exploitation.”

End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography, and the Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes

ECPAT UK (End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and the Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes) is a leading children’s right organization working against the commercial sexual exploitation of children in the U.K. and worldwide. Specifically, ECPAT UK focuses on the “protection of trafficked children and children exploited in tourism and the prevention of such crimes.”

Human Trafficking

The HumanTrafficking.org website was created to bring government and NGOs in East Asia and Pacific together to “cooperate and learn from each other’s experiences in their efforts to combat human trafficking.” The site contains country-specific information, such as national laws and action plans, and contact information to useful government agencies.

International League for Human Rights

The International League for Human Rights works to “keep human rights at the forefront of international affairs and to give meaning and effect to the human rights values enshrined in international human rights treaties and conventions.” It has a special mission, which is “defending individual human rights advocates who have risked their lives to promote the ideals of a just and civil society in their homelands.”

University of Minnesota Human Rights Program

The Human Rights Program at the University of Minnesota, “educates students by connecting them with academic and real-world experience in the field of international human rights.”

 

Transitional Justice

 African International Courts and Tribunals

This site provides a centralized source (and reference) to the courts and tribunals in Africa. It contains an overview, recent news, basic documents, selected bibliography, biographies of its judges, and related jurisprudence from Member States for each of the international courts or tribunals substantially touching Africa.

The Project on International Courts and Tribunals (PICT)

This is the website for “the only internationally based effort to address, with a comprehensive and holistic approach, all existing international courts and tribunals. It couples academic research with concrete action aimed at facilitating the work of international courts and tribunals at developing the lawyering skills of potential actors, in particular, in developing countries and economies-in-transition.”

 

Women’s Human Rights

Action Against Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation of Children, Bangladesh

Action Against Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation of Children (ATSEC) Bangladesh is a non-profit organization and a coalition of 15 other NGOs working in Bangladesh for “prevention of trafficking in children and women and their sexual exploitation.” ATSEC “facilitates advocacy, creates awareness and social mobilization, provides technical support, initiates research and programme support activities at the grassroots, sub-national, national and regional levels to resist inhumane and heinous offences” like the trafficking and sexual exploitation of women and children.

Advancing Women

Advancing Women is “first on the Net to ‘level the playing field’ for women in careers and business.” It provides “career and business strategy, tools and resources to support your career, business and leadership goals” and a “targeted, diversity job board.”

Association for Women’s Rights in Development (AWID)

The Association for Women’s Rights in Development (AWID) is an “international, multi-generational, feminist, creative, future-orientated membership organization committed to achieving gender equality, sustainable development and women’s human rights.” AWID’s mission is to “strengthen the voice, impact and influence women’s right advocates, organizations and movements internationally to effectively advance the rights of women.”

Association of Reproductive Health Professionals

The Association of Reproductive Health Professionals (ARHP) produces “accredited, evidence-based programs for health care professional across a board range of topics” (typically topics regarding reproductive health). Their mission is solely to educate.

Australian Women’s Studies, Research, and Policies

This web page provides links to fourteen Australian or international women’s studies, research and policy organizations or educational programs.

Captive Daughters

Captive Daughters in a non-profit organization “committed to ending the exploitative practice of sex trafficking, with a particular focus on girls and women.” It works by bringing public attention to and to call for the elimination of the forced prostitution of women and girl children.

CARE

CARE is a leading humanitarian organization that fights global poverty. CARE is unique because “women are at the heart of CARE’s community-based efforts to improve basic education, prevent the spread of HIV, increase access to clean water and sanitation, expand economic opportunity and protect natural resources.”

Center for Gender and Refugee Studies

The Center for Gender and Refugee Studies (CGRS) at the University of California, Hastings College of the Law, is the “nation’s leading organization supporting women asylum-seekers fleeing gender related harm, at both the practice and policy levels.” Its mission is to “protect the basic human rights of refugee women and girls by advancing gender-sensitive asylum laws, helping advocates successfully represent women in need of protection, and preventing these refugees from being forcibly returned to the countries from which they have fled.”

Center for Reproductive Rights

The Center for Reproductive Rights has “used the law to advance reproductive freedom as a fundamental human right that all governments are legally obligated to protect, respect, and fulfill.” They feel that “reproductive freedom lies at the heart of the promise of human dignity, self-determination and equality embodied in both the U.S. Constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights” and are working to protect that right.

Center for Women’s Global Leadership

The Center for Women’s Global Leadership (CWGL) “develops and facilitates women’s leadership for women’s human rights and social justice worldwide.”

Coalition Against Trafficking in Women

The Coalition Against Trafficking in Women (CATW) is a NGO that promotes women’s human rights. It works internationally to “combat sexual exploitation in all its forms, especially prostitution and trafficking in women and children, in particular girls.”

European Council on Refugees and Exiles

The European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) is a pan-European network of 69 refugee-assisting NGOs that promotes a humane and generous European asylum policy. It promotes the “protection and integration of asylum-seekers, refugees and internally displaced person (IDPs) based on values of human dignity, human rights and an ethic of solidarity.”

European Women’s Lobby

The European Women’s Lobby (EWL) is the largest umbrella organization of women’s associations in the European Union. EWL “aims at promoting women’s rights and equality between women and men in the European Union.”

EuroPRO-fem

EuroPRO-fem is the website of the European Pro-feminist Men Network, which aims to “deconstruct the male gender, carry out more critical analysis of the modes of male domination, try to understand how macho, homophobic societies make us (men) into dominating men, and assert our desire to live in peace without violence, without war between men and without oppression of men.” EuroPRO-fem is a resource to give an “outlet to existing groups, publications, studies, networks and the work of men already involved in anti-sexist work and actions” and an “international support for positive actions to promote equality between men and women.”

Feminist Majority Foundation

The Feminist Majority Foundation (FMF) is an organization “dedicated to women’s equality, reproductive health, and non-violence.” It utilizes “research and action to empower women economically, socially and politically.”

Feminist for Free Expression

This organization is “a group of diverse feminists working to preserve the individual’s right and responsibility to read, listen, view and produce materials of her choice, without the intervention of the state ‘for her own good.’”

Global Fund for Women

The Global Fund for Women (GFW) is an “international network of men and women committed to a world of equality and social justice.” They “advocate for and defend women’s human rights by making grants to support women’s groups around the world.”

MADRE – International Women’s Human Rights

MADRE “uses human rights to advance social justice,” and “partner with women in communities worldwide to meet urgent, local needs and to create long-term solutions to problems that women face.” They work towards a “world in which all people enjoy the fullest range of individual and collective human rights; in which resources are shared equitably and sustainably; in which women participate effectively in all aspects of society; and in which people have a meaningful say in decisions that affect their lives.”

National Organization for Women (NOW)

The National Organization for Women (NOW) is the largest organization of feminist activists in the United States, with 500,000 members and 550 chapters in 50 states and D.C. NOW’s goal is to “take action to bring about equality for all women,” which includes eliminating “discrimination and harassment in the workplace schools, the justice system, and all other sectors of society; secure abortion, birth control and reproductive rights for all women; end all forms of violence against women; eradicate racism, sexism and homophobia; and promote equality and justice in our society.”

Peace Women

The PeaceWomen project is part of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, and “monitors and works towards rapid and full implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security.”

Sisterhood Is Global Institute

The Sisterhood is Global Institute (SIGI) is an international non-profit NGO with “Consultative Status to the United Nations.” It is “creating a dynamic fundraising engine through which the interests, advice, contacts, and support of individuals, foundations, and corporations can be collectively mobilized for greater and more cost-effective impact in building the global Women’s Movement, ensuring: sustained infrastructural support enabling organizations to focus on program priorities; long-term strategic planning based on indigenous needs (rather than shifting donor-driven interests); and, grassroots empowerment resulting in greater integration of local activism and global advocacy.”

Sisters Online

Sisters Online is “collaborative ministry; a website focusing on spirituality and justice,” that seeks “to be a voice for right relationships and agents of change.” It is a committed to global kinship.

United Nations Commission on the Status of Women

The U.N. Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) is part of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and is “dedicated exclusively to gender equality and advancement of women.” Annually, the Member States meet to “evaluate progress on gender equality, identify challenges, set global standards and formulate concrete policies to promote gender equality and advancement of women worldwide.”

United Nations: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

The U.N. Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women’s mandate is for the committee to watch “over the progress for women made in those countries that are the States parties to the 1979 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women” (to become a state party, the country ratified or acceded to the Convention and thereby accepted a legal obligation to counteract discrimination against women).

Wellesley Centers for Women

The Wellesley Centers for Women’s (WCW) mission is to “conduct scholarly research and sound action programs with women’s perspectives and experiences at the center” and to “ensure that this work reaches a wide audience and thus influences public policies and programs.” WCW conducts interdisciplinary studies on issues such as “gender equality in education, sexual harassment in schools, childcare, adolescent development, gender violence, and women’s leadership.”

Women Waging Peace Network

The Women Wage Peace Network is part of the Institute for Inclusive Security, and is a “network of women peacemakers from conflict areas around the world.”

Women’s Environment and Development Organization

The Women’s Environment and Development Organization’s (WEDO) mission is to “empower women as decision makers to achieve economic, social and gender justice, a healthy, peaceful planet, and human rights for all.” WEDO emphasizes “women’s critical role in society, economic and political spheres.”

 

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