European Human Rights Organizations
The Consultative Commission of Human Rights (Luxembourg) is an advising body to the government of Luxembourg and its mission is “the promotion and protection of human rights in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.”
This commission, also known as the Helsinki Commission, is an independent U.S. government agency created to “monitor and encourage compliance with the Helsinki Final Act and other OSCE commitments.”
The Committee for the Protection of Human Rights in Tatarstan is a non-governmental social organization whose purpose is to “investigate breaches in the human rights, of individual and groups, which are currently guaranteed under existing law.” Additionally, the committee “investigates human rights violations, researches current sociological issues pertaining to human rights, support the rights of free speech in journalism, and through education, proclaims the collective rights of individual and groups in the Republic of Tatarstan.”
The Council of Europe – European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT) Database provides “all reports of the CPT, all public statements made by the CPT, and the “standards” from the CPT’s Annual General Reports.”
CPT is a committee within the Council of Europe, which works to provide “non-judicial preventive machinery to protect detainees” via a system of visits by CPT. The European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhumane or Degrading Treatment or Punishment’s mandate is “the Committee shall, by means of visits, examine the treatment of persons deprived of their liberty with a view to strengthening, if necessary, the protection of such persons from torture and from inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment.”
This is the official website for the European Court of Human Rights, in Strasbourg, France. This court is an international judicial body established under the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR) of 1950; their job is to monitor respect of human rights by states.
The Balkan Investigative Reporting Network (BRIN) is a “group of editors and trainers that enable journalists in the region to produce in-depth analytical and investigative journalism on complex political, economic and social themes.” Although originally the Balkans program for the Institute for War & Peace Reporting (IWPR), BRIN has become a “fully-independent and local network” that is “developing as an efficient and self-sustainable regional institute to enhance the capacity for journalism that pushes for public debate on European-oriented political and economic reform.”
The Balkan Reconstruction Report (BRR) is a “special, ongoing supplement bringing post-conflict news from the Balkan region to general and expert audiences.” BBR is part of Transitions Online (TOL), which is a media development organization and online news and event journal that covers the 29 post-Communist (U.S.S.R.) countries.
The Bosnian-based Center for Investigative Reporting (CIN) is a non-profit organization that is “dedicated to helping the people of BiH (Bosnia and Herzegovina) understand what is happening in our country.” CIN’s goal is to “give our people the information they need to make informed decisions in a participatory democracy,” and seek to “hold government and government officials accountable and to promote transparency through improving the freedom to access information.”
The British Institute of Human Rights (BIHR) is a human rights organization that is “committed to challenging inequality and injustice in everyday life in the U.K.” It works to achieve this goal by “bringing human rights to life – supporting people to use human rights principles and standards to improve their own lives and as a tool for organizations to develop more effective public policy.”
The British Refugee Council is an organization that works with asylum seekers and refugees through direct help and support (advice, caring for separated children), offering training and employment courses for asylum seekers and refugees, campaigning and lobbying for them, and producing authoritative information on them.
The Bulgarian Investigative Journalism Center (BIJC) is a non-governmental and non-commercial foundation, whose main goal is to “organize and produce journalistic inquires against the corruption and the organized crime.” BIJC “united Bulgarian journalists with experience in the area of the investigative journalism.”
The Caucasus Media Investigative Center in Azerbaijan was established to unite Caucasus journalists’ efforts against corruption, human trafficking, health care problems, illegal business of narcotics, regional conflicts and other problems that are present in the Caucasus.
This U.K. based organization engages in “research, analysis, commentary and discussion on issues of significance within the broad context of international security.” CDISS serves as a “conduit between the academic community, government and other official and unofficial bodies, and the defense and security industries.”
The Center for Peacemaking and Community Development (CPCD), Russia was established to “collect and distribute information concerning human rights violations from the war in Chechnya as well as advocate an end to the conflict.” The CPCD “carries out postwar, humanitarian, physical reconstruction work and raises public awareness to the social and psychological effects of war.”
It is a joint project of the Children’s Legal Centre and the Human Rights Centre at the University of Essex. It “works around the world to improve the situation for civilian children caught up in armed conflict and civil unrest and for those emerging from years of violence.”
The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) is a humanitarian organization that works with “all aspects of the refugee cause, with the aim of helping and promoting durable solutions for refugees and internally displaced people, on the basis of humanitarian principles and human rights.”
EIN is a provider of U.K. immigration and refugee law via the Internet, for asylum seekers and immigrants, students, journalists, judges, academics, parliamentary researchers and all others who have an interest in the field of immigration and asylum.
ECPAT UK (End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and the Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes) is a leading children’s right organization working against the commercial sexual exploitation of children in the U.K. and worldwide. Specifically, ECPAT UK focuses on the “protection of trafficked children and children exploited in tourism and the prevention of such crimes.”
The European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI) is an international scientific non-profit association that provides a “forum for debate and dialogue between academics, legislators and practitioners, focusing on major corporate governance issues and thereby promoting best practice.” ECGI’s primary role is to “undertake, commission and disseminate research on corporate governance.”
European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) is a “pan-European network of 60 refugee-assisting NGO’s that promotes a humane and generous European asylum policy.” It promotes the “protection and integration of asylum-seekers, refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) based on values of human dignity, human rights and an ethic of solidarity.”
The European Roma Rights Centre (ERRC) is an “international public interest law organization engaging in a range of activities aimed at combating anti-Romani racism and human rights abuse of Roma.” ERRC’s approach involves “strategic litigation, international advocacy, research and policy development, and training of Romani activists.”
The European Women’s Lobby (EWL) is the largest umbrella organization of women’s associations in the European Union. EWL “aims at promoting women’s rights and equality between women and men in the European Union.”
EuroPRO-fem is the website of the European Pro-feminist Men Network, which aims to “deconstruct the male gender, carry out more critical analysis of the modes of male domination, try to understand how macho, homophobic societies make us (men) into dominating men, and assert our desire to live in peace without violence, without war between men and without oppression of men.” EuroPRO-fem is a resource to give an “outlet to existing groups, publications, studies, networks and the work of men already involved in anti-sexist work and actions” and an “international support for positive actions to promote equality between men and women.”
This organization, formerly known as Children’s Express Worldwide, is a U.K.-wide news agency producing “news, features and comments by young people for everyone.” Through its program, “young people aged 8 to 19 research and write stories on issues that are important to them for publication in national and local newspapers, magazines, television and radio.”
This site provides a number of links to activities, education, organizations, domestic (Latvian) and references that relate to human rights in Latvia. Also it contains links to the Institute of Human Rights, which is located at the University of Latvia, and to the organization’s Human Rights Quarterly, which is “one of the few legal periodicals in Latvia and the only periodical on human rights in the Baltic States,” and as a professional journal it discusses “human rights problems in Latvia and examines problems and solutions from international human rights institutions and other countries more experienced in the field.”
This U.K. based charity has the “aim of working for freedom of religion and belief at a global level.” They have over 90 affiliated member groups in 25 different countries.
The International Sustainability Reporting Site (formerly known as the International Corporate Environmental Reporting Site) was created to be a resource for finding online sites that dealt with corporate environmental reporting (CER). The Dutch based, but in English, site offers news, resources (guidelines, tools, articles, etc) and more, regarding corporate sustainability reporting and environmental reporting.
The International Institute of Humanitarian Law is an Italian independent, non-profit humanitarian organization whose purpose is to “promote international humanitarian law, human rights, refugee law and related issues.” Since its 1970 founding the Institute “has earned an international reputation as a center for excellence in the field of training, research, and the dissemination of all aspects of international humanitarian law.”
The International Organization for Migration’s 2001 – 2002 information campaign “Prevention of Trafficking in Women in the Baltic States,” purpose was to “increase the awareness concerning trafficking in women among the general public.”
The Investigative Journalism Center of Moldavia has the objectives to develop and promote investigative journalism professional and independent local press; strengthen a resource center in the field of investigative journalism and information in Moldova; establish a network of investigative reporters, assist in making journalist press inquires, verification of data and information, and facilitate relationships with sources; provide legal advice to investigative journalists in need; promote, protection and train investigative journalists; affirmation of transparency and freedom of expression through investigative journalism; and many more.”
The Association of Investigative Journalists of Armenia publishes Hetq online, which is an online newspaper regarding investigative journalism and the stories they write.
The Lipetsk Human Rights Society “monitors regional human rights and provides both material and professional support of organizations and individuals.” Lipetsk Human Rights Society coordinates the work and efforts of smaller human rights organization in Lipetsk oblast and maintains a “database of human rights violations in local military units and operated a program on farmers’ rights.”
Media Focus – Center for Investigative Journalism is dedicated to the development of investigative reporting in Serbia. It was also a founding member of the Global Investigative Journalism Network.
The Migration Policy Group is an independent non-profit European organization “committed to contributing to lasting and positive change resulting in open and inclusive societies in which all members have equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities in developing the economic, social and civic life of Europe’s diverse societies.”
The Moscow Helsinki Group is the oldest Russian human rights organization (1976 – 1982, 1989 – present), and its mission is to “assist human rights observation and democracy development in Russia.”
The Moscow Media Law and Policy Institute (MMLPI) is a Russian NGO founded with the purpose to “assist by means of legal education and research the development of free and independent Russian mass media and to support in all possible ways the formation of a civil society in Russia.”
The National Section of Georgia of the International Society for Human Rights is responsible for “publishing a newspaper Adamianis Uplebebi (“Human Rights”), and press-releases about the situation in the field of human rights, freedom of the press and speech and social-economic and cultural rights in Georgia and the Caucasian region.”
The Norwegian Centre for Human Rights (NCHR) is an independent national (Norway) human rights intuition located within the University of Oslo, Norway. NCHR is a “center for national and international research on human rights, a center which promotes rights-based development and a center for human rights education.”
This is a NGO, non-profit organization “which monitors compliance with the human rights provisions of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) within all OSCE signatory states and supports initiatives to strengthen democracy and civil society.”
Norwegian PEN is the Norwegian division of the Intentional PEN (“Poets, Essayists and Novelists” or Poets, Editors and Novelists”). PEN has two purposes: the first, to “establish an international, literacy organization,” and “to create an organization that could work and fight for authors’ and other writers’ right to freedom of expression.”
The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is an independent, humanitarian NGO, which “provides assistance, protection and durable solutions to refugees and internally displaced persons worldwide.”
The Oslo Coalition on Freedom of Religion or Belief is an “international network of representatives from religious and other life-stance communities, NGOs, international organizations and research institutes.” It “works to advance freedom of religion or belief (FORB) as a common benefit that is accepted and embraced by all religions and persuasions.” It also “works to promote mutual understanding and cooperation between communities of different persuasions and to hinder injustice, intolerance and distrust springing from religious differences.”
The Perm Center for Assistance to Victims of Violence and Human Trafficking is a non-profit organization in the Perm region of Russia. It works to render “assistance to persons suffered from all forms of violence and human trafficking, prevention of all forms of violence and human trafficking, prevention of the grown of a number of disabled persons as a result of violence and human trafficking” and raising public awareness of the problems of violence and human trafficking.
The Romanian Center for Investigative Journalism (CIJN) works to “enhance the quality of Romanian investigative journalism.” CIJN provides resources for journalists and students interested in investigative journalism, and was a founding member of the Global Investigative Journalism Network.
The Samara Regional Human Rights Center works to “promote public awareness of human rights issue in the region,” and it “sponsors educational programs on civil rights, democracy, law, and public life and holds a weekly consulting session for citizens seeking advice on specific human rights cases.”
This is a Swedish NGO whose basis of work is the United Nations Convention on the rights of the Child (CRC) and the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights. They fight for the best interest of children
“Not-profit Dutch research and advisory bureau that investigates the consequences of Multinational Enterprises’ (MNEs) policies and internationalization of business worldwide.”
This is a Swedish NGO whose basis of work is the United Nations Convention on the rights of the Child (CRC) and the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights. They fight for the best interest of children.
The WomenAid Silk Road Strategy’s purpose is to “support disadvantaged women and children in Silk Road countries (such as Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, and the Caucasus) through projects that facilitate networking and information exchange and dissemination, promote women and child rights awareness, encourage action against violence of women and children, provide professional training and skills update and support civil society development initiatives.”
The Center for European Migration and Ethnic Studies operated from 1998 to 2002, and specialized in “policy-relevant research, information and publishing on international migration, ethnic relations and related topics in Western, Central and Eastern Europe.” Since it is no longer in operation, the site provides links to archives of materials related to the Center for European Migration and Ethnic Studies.
The Center for International and European Law on Immigration and Asylum, located at the University of Konstanz, Germany, is a center, which researches law on immigration and asylum.
The Centre for Migration Law at the University of Nijmegen (Netherlands) conducts research that is focused on issues surrounding migration and minority protection.
Ceifo is an inter-disciplinary research unit at Stockholm University. “Its principal aim is to coordinate and develop research in the field of international migration and ethnic relations.”
This is a link to “The European Convention on Human Rights,” was established in Rome on November 4, 1950 and has fire protocols; Paris Protocol, signed established on March 20, 1952 and four Strasbourg Protocols, two signed on May 6. 1963, one on September 16, 1963 and the final on January 20, 1966. The Convention lays out the human rights that are to be provided and protected by all the signing nations.
The European Country of Origin Information Network (ecoi.net) “gathers, structures and process publicly available county of origin information with a focus on the needs of asylum lawyers, refugee counsels and persons deciding on claims for asylum and other forms of international protection.”
The European Court of Justice (officially called the Court of Justice of the European Communities) is the highest court in the European Union (similar to the United States Supreme Court), and is composed of 27 judges (one from each member nation). The website provides a number of resources regarding past cases, case law and other relevant material.
The European Research Centre on Migration and Ethnic Relations (ERCOMER) is located at Utrecht University in the Netherlands, and it “exists to actively encourage, support and promote comparative research in the fields of international migration and ethnic relations within the European context.”
The European Social Charter was adopted in 1961 and revised in 1996. The Charter guarantees social and economic human rights, and is monitored by the European Committee of Social Rights (ECSR).
Forced Migration Online (FMO) provides access to a variety of online resources that address the situation of forced migrants worldwide. It aims to “give comprehensive information in an impartial environment and to promote increased awareness of human displacement issues to an international community of users.”
Forced Migration Review (FMR) is a free tri-annual publication in English, Arabic, Spanish and French discussing refugee and internal displacement issues. It is published by the Refugee Studies Centre at the Oxford Department of International Development, University of Oxford.
The Human Rights Chamber for Bosnia and Herzegovina is the “judicial body established under Annex 6 to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Dayton Peace Agreement).” The mandate of the Chamber is to “consider alleged or apparent violations of human rights as provided in the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and the Protocols thereto, and alleged or apparent discrimination arising in the enjoyment of the rights and freedoms provided for in the Convention.”
The Institute for Migration and Ethnic Studies at the University of Amsterdam is an interdisciplinary and inter-faculty research institute with the “broad aim to provide systematic, knowledge-driven research on international migration and integration.”
The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) is a “U.N. court of law dealing with war crimes that took place during the conflict in the Balkans in the 1990’s.” It was established in 1993, and since then it has “irreversibly changed the landscape of international humanitarian law” by showing that those “suspected of bearing the greatest responsibility for atrocities committed can be called to account, as well as that guild should be individualized, protecting entire communities from being labeled as ‘collectively responsible,’” and the ICTY has shown that an “individual’s senior position can no longer protect them from prosecution.”
The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) is federation of non-governmental human rights organizations and its mandate is to “contribute to the respect of all the rights defined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.” FIDH seeks to obtain “effective improvements in the protection of victims, the prevention of Human Rights violations and the sanctions of their perpetrators.”
This is a link to the International Journal of Refugee Law, which is a “key source material in the field of refugee protection.” It serves as a tool for all “engaged in the protection of refugees and finding solutions to their problems,” and includes information and commentary on the “causes of refugee and related movements, internal displacement, the particular situation of women and refugee children, the human rights dimension, restrictive policies, asylum and determination procedures, populations at risk, and the conditions in different countries.”
The Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (SIM) Case Law provides access to four databases, CCPR (Human Rights Committee under the Optional Protocol to the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights), CAT (Committee Against Torture), CERD (Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination) and CEDAW (Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women), for the case law of the United Nations human rights treaty, and there is the database ECHR, which contains the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights. Additionally there is the Tribunals database, which contains the case law documenting the “jurisprudence on the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the jurisprudence of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR),” the UNCOM database, and a General Comments database.
The Oxford Journal of Refugee Studies is a “forum for exploration of the complex problems of forced migration and national, regional and international responses.” It is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal, published in association with the Refugee Studies Centre at the University of Oxford.
The Refugee Study Center (RSC) at Oxford University has an “international reputation as the leading multidisciplinary center for research and teaching on the causes and consequences of forced migration.” RSC’s philosophy is to “combine world-class academic research with a commitment to improving the lives and situations for some of the world’s most disadvantaged people.”
This website is an archive of the two World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (August 1996 in Stockholm, Sweden and Yokohama, Japan in December 2001).
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