Africa

GOVERNMENT

The National Commission for Human Rights of Rwanda

The National Commission for Human Rights of Rwanda is one of the NHRIs (National Human Rights Intuitions) that plays a “crucial role in promotion and monitoring the effective implementation of the international human rights standards at the national level; a role which is increasingly recognized by the international community.” The Comission is focused on “core protection issues, such as the prevention of torture and degrading treatment, summary executions, arbitrary detention and disappearances, or the protection of human rights defenders.”

National Commission for Human Rights of Togo

 

NGO

The Africa Centre, London, England

The Africa Centre, based in London England, plays an important role (since 1964) in “projecting a positive face of Africa in London, providing a focal point for all forms of cultural and social activities related to Africa through meetings, talks, visual arts exhibitions, cinema, literature, and the performing arts.” Additionally, the center is a source of news and views about political, economic, and social developments in Africa.

Africa Rights

This is a link to the Derechos: Human Rights in Sub-Saharan Africa which provides a number of resources regarding information on human rights in Africa, including human rights websites, NGOs, research centers, international organizations, documents, reports, articles and many more links.

African Human Rights Resource Center

This is a link to African Human Rights Resources provided by the University of Minnesota’s Human Rights Library. It is a great resource for finding information and organizations related to human rights in Africa.

African International Courts and Tribunals

This database provides a centralized source (and reference) to the courts and tribunals in Africa. It contains an overview, recent news, basic documents, selected bibliography, biographies of its judges, and related jurisprudence from Member States for each of the international courts or tribunals substantially touching Africa.

Algeria Watch

Algeria Watch is a German based website which provides “information on the human rights situation in Algeria.”

Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria

The Centre for Human Rights at the University of Pretoria, South Africa, was established in 1986 with a focus on “building capacity in the area of human rights in Africa.” The center has shifted its focus it human rights law in Africa, and it is the “most active human rights organization on the African continent,” and in 2006 it won the UNESCO Prize for Human Rights Education.

The Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation

The Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation (CSVR) is a South African-based organization “committed to the promotion of peaceful societies based on democracy, human rights, social justice, equality and human security.” CSVR “aims to contribute to the building of violence-free societies and the promotion of sustainable peace and reconciliation by means of research, advocacy and other interventions and through establishing strategic partnerships with organs of the state, NGOs, community organizations, individuals and international allies.”

Forum for African Investigative Reporters

The Forum for African Investigative Reporters (FAIR) is a professional association of investigative journalists in Africa, and its mission is to “enhance, deepen and build investigative journalism as a profession throughout the continent.” It works through “professional support for African investigative journalists; provision of resources and networking services for African investigative journalists; facilitating cross-border partnerships in investigative stories throughout Africa; facilitating access to information on Africa archived internationally, as well as internationally based colleagues; initiatives to support aspiring African investigative journalists through training and placement; and support for, and promotion of, methods of best practice in African investigative journalism.”

The Foundation for Human Rights Initiative (FHRI)

The Foundation for Human Rights Initiative (FHRI) is an Uganda-based independent, non-governmental, non-partisan, non-profit human rights advocacy organization that was established in 1991 to “enhance the knowledge, respect and observance of human rights, promote exchange of information and best practices through training, education, research, advocacy, lobbying, and strategic partnerships.” FHRI seeks to “remove impediments to democratic development and meaningful enjoyment of the fundamental freedoms enshrined in the 1995 Constitution and other internationally recognized human rights instruments.”

Freedom of Expression Institute (South Africa)

The Freedom of Expression Institute (South Africa) was established to “protect and foster the rights to freedom of expression and access to information, and to oppose censorship.”

Ghana Center for Public Integrity

The Ghana Center for Public Integrity (GCPI) is a non-profit, non-governmental and non-partisan organization in Ghana. GCPI’s objectives are “promote the practice of investigative journalism in Ghana and the West African sub-region; build the capacity for journalists in investigative journalism, human rights and computer assisted reporting; provide a forum for interaction and networking between journalists, researchers and personnel in institutions of vertical and horizontal accountability; liase with local and international organizations that work to promote investigative journalism, higher journalistic standards, good governance and anti-corruption; provide a media resource center for media training institutions, journalists and researchers; press for enhanced legislative environment for the practice of investigative journalism; and conduct research into governance issues, corruption, the management of public affairs and democratic conditions.”

Global Poverty Eradication Centre

This organization is “dedicated to providing the world with the right system of reducing poverty in various developing countries.”

Human Rights Actions in Uganda

This is a link to a number of resources for anything related to human rights in Uganda, including Amnesty International reports, the Constitution of Uganda, refugee information, U.S. State Department Human Rights reports on Uganda and much more.

Human Rights and Peace Centre (HURIPEC)

The Makerere University’s Human Rights and Peace Centre (HURIPEC) was the first research and academic-based intuition in the East African region, and its mission is to “promote the understanding and respect for human rights, democratic governance and sustainable peace in the East Africa sub-region specifically and Africa generally through teaching, research, policy and advocacy.”

Institute for Democracy in South Africa

The Institute for Democracy in South Africa (IDASA) is an “independent public interest organization committed to promoting sustainable democracy based on active citizenship, democratic institutions, and social justice.”

Tanzanian Children’s Fund

Their mission is “providing aid to children in need in Tanzania.”

World Organization Against Torture

The World Organization Against Torture (OMCT) is the main coalition of international NGOs “fighting against torture, summary executions, enforced disappearances and all other cruel, inhumane or degrading treatments.” The OMCT’s International Secretariat (based in Geneva, Switzerland) provides “personalized medical, legal and/or social assistance to hundreds of torture victims and ensures the daily dissemination of urgent appeals across the world, in order to protect individuals and to fight against impunity.”

 

SOURCE MATERIALS

The African Charter on Human Rights and Peoples’ Rights for Africa

The African (Banjul) Charter on Human and People’s Rights is an international human rights instrument that came into force on October 21, 1986. The Charter establishes the human rights that should be protected and promoted within Africa.

African Conference on Elections, Democracy and Governance

This is the official website of the Africa Conference on Elections, Democracy and Governance, which took place in Pretoria, South Africa from April 7 to 10, 2003. It includes speeches, discussions, and outcomes of the conference.

Algeria Watch International Library

The Algeria Watch International Library provides a number of links to articles, websites, and organizations that relate to human rights, politics, etc. in Algeria.

Angola Reference Center

The Embassy of the Republic of Angola (Washington DC) has provided a number of resources regarding information about Angola, including travel and tourism information, business and economy, and the government of Angola.

Gay and Lesbian Rights in Zimbabwe

This is a link to the article “Trends: Lesbian and Gay Rights in Zimbabwe” by Leane Renee (former sole legal counsel for Gays and Lesbians of Zimbabwe) which discusses the rights of gay and lesbians in Zimbabwe. The article is from Human Rights Brief, which is a student-run publication of the Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at American University’s Washington College of Law.

International Constitutional Law

This web page provides the links to over 50 countries Constitutional Documents, and a number of links to country’s information. It is a great resource for finding information on international constitutional law.

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR)

The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) is a United Nations court of law created on November 8, 1994. The ICTR was established for the “prosecution of persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1994,” and it is able to “deal with the prosecution of Rwandan citizens responsible for genocide and other violations of international law committed in the territory of neighboring States during the same period.”

Special Court for Sierra Leone

The United Nations and the Government of Sierra Leone established the Special Court for Sierra Leone jointly, and its mandate is to “try those who bear the greatest responsibility for serious violations of international humanitarian law and Sierra Leonean law committed in the territory of Sierra Leone since 30 November 1996.”

 

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